MAGAZINE  №4 (99) August 2020

AUTHORS NOVIKOV V.E. 

CATEGORY Information technologies in logistics and SCM Retail companies’ corporate logistics

 

ABSTRACT

The article discusses current issues of information system support for the movement of goods subject to mandatory labeling in the supply chains of network retail operators. Special attention is paid to the presentation and support of logistic business processes of working with aggregation of commodity forms in information systems. Attention is drawn to the new requirements for information systems, and the increased complexity in managing the supply chain of the logistics network due to the need of working with labeled goods. Solutions to a number of problems in supply chains, as well as to the interaction between information systems and cloud services to support working with labeled goods, are proposed. The aim of the work is to develop solutions for information systems of business processes support for working with labeled goods in supply chains in network retail companies. According to the author, in the current conditions and in the nearest future, the network trading company successful business becomes impossible without solving the considered problems.

 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  supply chain retail chains retail labeled goods information systems cloud services

MAGAZINE  №4 (99) August 2020

AUTHORS SERGEEV V.I., SERGEEV I.V.

CATEGORY  Analysis in logistics and SCM Logistic integration and coordination Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Supply chain management Terminology in logistics and SCM

 

ABSTRACT

 The content of the concept of supply chain ensuring transparency, currently attracting middle and senior managers' attention in a wide range of companies and industries, is disclosed. The article provides analysis of the reasons for the increased interest in the issues of transparency in supply chains, in particular: pressure from the government, consumers, nongovernmental organizations, etc. on the management of focus companies, to open more information about their supply chains. It has been shown that the reputational costs associated with not meeting these requirements can be very high. The article explains the meaning of supply chain transparency and provides guidelines and methodology for mapping and expanding progress in understanding SC-Transparency. The analysis is based on overseas DRM experience shared by dozens of companies in all industries of all sizes over the past decade with consistent advances in DRM. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the experience of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) – an initiative founded at the MIT Transport and Logistics Center; research by Sourcemap, a provider of supply chain transparency solutions; and research in this area by leading experts and analysts

 Electronic version

 Keywords:   supply chain focus company visibility transparency traceability methodology terminology

MAGAZINE  №3 (98) June 2020

AUTHORS DYBSKAYA V.V., SERGEEV V.I.

CATEGORY  Controlling Retail companies’ corporate logistics Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Supply chain management

 

ABSTRACT

It is shown that the concept of «Digital Twin» is becoming an increasingly popular method of solving key problems in supply chain management, in particular, when monitoring logistics business processes. A detailed analysis of literary sources and Internet resources on the subject of digital twins is carried out. The basic terminology, the terms of «Digital Twin» and of similar concepts, such as «digital footprint», «digital shadow», «digital thread», are given. The basic properties (characteristics) of digital twins and the advantages obtained by using this concept in supply chains are considered. The methodological aspects of the Digital Twin concept are analyzed both in the academic environment and in the context of the practice of large companies.
It is shown that the problem of monitoring consumer goods can be effectively solved using digital counterparts of the FMCG sector supply chains.
The main variants of the Supply Chain Digital Twin «design» are presented. An FMCG supply chain monitoring system using convergence of digital twins of products and processes in the chain is proposed. An example of the construction of a monitoring system in the supply chain of GHIOTTONE consumer goods using the digital counterparts of the main processes represented by the SCOR model is considered.

 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:   digital twin supply chain digital transformation monitoring FMCG SCOR

MAGAZINE  №5 (94) October 2019

AUTHORS GETMAN A.G.

CATEGORY  Logistic services market Logistic infrastructure

 

ABSTRACT

 Today, despite the well-developed issues in the field of logistics, the impact on the size of the logistics costs of the factor of maintaining the intellectual property in the foreign trade commodity flow is not investigated.
The article identifies logistic risks associated with the increase in logistic costs due to costs associated with the movement of foreign trade flow of goods containing the intellectual property.
A comparative analysis of time and material costs arising from the movement of goods containing intellectual property items across the customs border is presented.
The main criteria characterizing the specificity of the commodity flow containing an object of intellectual property are considered.
As a result, the following is proposed:
measures to minimize logistic costs (time and financial) in relation to the movement of goods flow containing the object of intellectual property;
measures to minimize logistic risks of the foreign trade commodity flow the documents for which do not indicate the intellectual property object.
The methodology consisted of the theoretical foundations of the essence of logistic costs and the flow of goods containing IPOs, the current EAEU customs legislation, system analysis.
Conclusion: the article determines main directions for the development of logistic advantages associated with the reduction of time and material costs when moving foreign trade commodity flow containing intellectual property requiring further research.

 

 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  Intellectual property intellectual property objects supply chain logistics customs clearance risks customs legislation EAEU logistics costs

MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS ALYMOVSKAYA N.S., LEVINA T.V. 

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Return flows management (reverse logistics)

ABSTRACT

In the theory and practice of logistics and supply chain management, more and more attention is paid to return flows management. There are a sufficiently large number of research works that has been devoted to the reverse logistics of goods: there are many technologies and best practices that have been successfully implemented. 
As for the tasks of managing returns of transport items and packaging, they have been left outside the scope of experts' attention for a long time. Recently, the activity of advertising campaigns for pulling and pallets rental has increased in Russia. Some companies (mainly in manufacturing and trading sectors of FMCG) are going to implement, are already implementing or reporting substantial savings from projects for organizing container return management. Nevertheless, there are still many gaps for researchers and business community. 
The article provides an overview of recent publications on the returnable containers management, analyzes terminology in this area, identifies and analyzes the main strategies for managing return flows of containers.

The study shows that the issues of transport items return management have not received adequate coverage in Russian scientific and business literature. Moreover, despite the variety of foreign studies there is no basic terminology in this field and systematization of supply chain configuration alternatives. In addition, fragmentation of information in open sources about the practice of implementing / operating transport items management systems in Russian business makes it relevant to conduct research on this topic.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS DYBSKAYA V.V.SERGEEV V.I.SERGEEV I.V.

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Retail companies’ corporate logistics Information technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

The article is devoted to actual problems of digitalization in the network retail industry. The role of supply chain management (SCM) in network retail is shown, and attention is focused on key trends in SCM, many of which are associated with the digital transformation of supply chains. The best practices in the field of digitalization of supply chains of industrial and commercial enterprises are analyzed. In particular, the article considers the experience of digital transformations of large world corporations supply chains, such as HP and Nokia, as well as the analytical reports of the leading consultants in SCM companies Gartner, Deloitte and Accenture on digitalization of enterprises in various sectors of the economy.

Based on the analysis, key trends in retail digitalization were identified and methodological approaches to the transformation of a conventional chain retailer's supply chain into digital were identified. The main digital technologies used today in Russia by network retail operators are identified.

A methodological approach to the digital transformation of the supply chain of a network retailer based on process (SCOR) modeling is proposed. Using the example of the largest network retailers of the Russian Federation, Magnit, X5 Retail Group, and M. Video companies, a SCOR model of a typical supply chain of a retail chain enterprise is constructed, based on which a possible list of digital technologies, systems and devices corresponding to each process in determined models. 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE  №3 (92) June 2019

AUTHORS 

GORYACHEVA I.A. - Doctor of Ec.Sc., Professor, Economic Security and Innovation Management Department, Yuri Gagarin State Technical University of Saratov (Saratov, Russia)

TREGUBOV V.N. - Doctor of Ec.Sc., Professor, Commerce and Engineering of Business Processes Department, Yuri Gagarin State Technical University of Saratov (Saratov, Russia)

CATEGORY  Supply chains reliability and sustainability The uncertainty and risks in supply chains Terminology in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

In today's business environment, there is an increase in the variety and degree of influence of disturbing influences on the processes of supply chains, reducing their stability and reliability, which requires a timely response to various kinds of disturbances, taking into account changes in the segment-forming properties of the market. At the same time, high rates
of internal and external changes lead to the need to promptly introduce new technological, technical and informational solutions for the implementation of basic processes in order to achieve balance and improve performance. The relevance of the study is determined by the need for a fundamentally new focus of supply chain management processes in the presence
of a disturbance flow based on the application of the concept of vulnerability to timely identify vulnerabilities, disturbing influences affecting the stability of the functioning of the chain and the formation of preventive control actions of a multilevel nature in leveling disturbances.
A constant diagnosis of the factors and causes of the supply chain vulnerability is needed, which is defined as the sensitivity of the chain to the probabilistic possibility of the configuration match of the corresponding threat and the vulnerable (weak) place of the chain, resulting in the risk of compositional matching of the force field of influence at the point of application. The special focus of the study (article) is on building an adaptive supply chain management model based on the vulnerability concept, which will allow an identified assessment of the likelihood of chain vulnerability to be rated and the degree of hazard based on a structured approach (FMEA analysis) to identify chain vulnerabilities and potential threats that may affect the sustainable functioning and security of the supply chain while ensuring the achievement of target areas.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE  №2 (91) April 2019

AUTHORS 

MAIOROV N.N. - Cand. of Eng. Sc., Associate Professor, Department of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, National Research University Higher School of Economics (St. Petersburg, Russia)

BORODULINA S.А. - Doctor of Ec.Sciences, professor, Department of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, National Research University Higher School of Economics (St. Petersburg, Russia)

KOROLEVA E.A. - Doctor of Tech.Sc., professor, Department of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, National Research University Higher School of Economics (St. Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY Analysis in logistics and SCM Supply chains reliability and sustainability

ABSTRACT

The success of any logistics provider under the development of a digital economy di-rectly depends on the decision-making system, taking into account the dynamic nature of the environment and the optimal construction of the internal structure. In an effort to ensure a stable economic position in a competitive market, they pay more attention to both process monitoring, management system analysis and forecasting tasks. At the same time, classic models based on imitating modelling of processes and systems are proposed; for the study of control models, it is necessary to supplement the analysis based on structural diagrams and dynamic links. The use of dynamic links significantly expands the functionality of modelling methods and allows not only to investigate the stock turn, but also to simulate the con-trol actions on the system to achieve the specified parameters. Modelling processes based on dynamic links allows us to investigate the stability of logistics systems, to assess the im-pact of disturbances on the system and elements. The proposed management model for the logistics system is implemented according to the feedback control principle, which additio-nally contributes to the formation of a more accurate decision-making system. The develo-ped model has the ability to scale for different levels of planning and takes into account the dynamic nature of the processes in the logistics system, taking into account the influence of the environment. The article additionally outlines the limits of application of simulation mo-delling in the AnyLogic environment for the study of control systems, which substantiates the practical importance of using structural diagrams and dynamic links for logistic systems.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE  №2 (91) April 2019

AUTHORS DYBSKAYA V.V.SERGEEV V.I.

CATEGORY Controlling Information technologies in logistics and SCM

 

ABSTRACT

The advanced concept of control, monitoring and management of complex supply chains «Supply Chain Control Tower – SCCT» is considered. The basic terminology is given, the problematics is indicated and the key stages of the evolution of the SCCT concept are analyzed in the direction of increasing the maturity level of projects from version CT 1.0 to version CT
4.0. The shortcomings of earlier versions of the Control Tower (1.0-2.0) are analyzed. The article describes the design methodology of modern SCCT, including ensuring end-to-end visibility of the supply chain, building and exchanging data in a Multi-party Network, synthesis of a digital model – a twin of the physical supply chain; creation of information hubs for reli-
able storage and transmission of information using digital technologies, in particular, the blockchain. Examples of the implementation of the Control Tower 4.0 company One Network are set. The advantages of using advanced versions of Control Tower 4.0 for controlling and adaptive management of complex supply chains using predictive analytics and artificial intelligence are shown.

 Electronic version

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MAGAZINE  №1 (90) February 2019

AUTHORS BRODETSKIY G.L.GUSEV D.A.

CATEGORY  Optimization and economic-mathematical modeling

ABSTRACT

For the task of managing contracts in the supply chain in terms of choosing the optimal contract model, the article for the first time presents the optimization procedures at many criteria. The paper shows that such a format of the model allows to consider pure risks that can be formalized as private individual criteria. In this case, they can be taken into account in a special format for presenting estimates of particular criteria. As such a format, the article discusses a method of presenting them corresponding to a generalized selection criteria. For this approach, the article presents optimization procedures for choosing the type of contract based on traditional selection methods. The article illustrates that this approach may lead to different solutions for the alternatives that expands the tools for adapting optimization procedures to the preferences of the decision maker. For the first time the paper proves that according to the format of the selection criterion for the geometric mean (and the same for the multiplication criterion), the transition to the format of generalized data does not change the best choice and ranking of alternatives. The appropriate modeling results are presented within the framework of the pure risk concept.

 Electronic version

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