MAGAZINE  №2 (91) April 2019

AUTHOR LAKHNO Y.V. - Cand. of Eс. Sc, Associate professor, Commerce and Logistics Department, Rostov State University of Economics (Rostov on Don, Russia)

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Supply chains reliability and sustainability Green Logistics& Supply Chain

ABSTRACT

The development of supply chains of the largest automakers is accompanied by an increase in the contribution of suppliers to the finished product and at the same time increasing the complexity of building sustainable supply chains. The purpose of the research is to study the experience of the largest automakers in terms of the organization of work with suppliers in accordance with the principles of sustainable development. The article discusses the criteria for selecting suppliers as an element of a sustainable supply chain. The evaluation procedure of the development potential of the provider in accordance with the principles of sustainable development is considered based on the analysis of the report on sustainable development of the companies of automobile manufacturers. Inconsistencies in the activities of suppliers to the principles of sustainable development are considered. Areas of work with suppliers aimed at stimulating the development of their responsible attitude to the environment, society and business partners are differentiated. The mechanism of work with suppliers in a sustainable supply chain of the automakers. The importance of digital technologies for the organization of sustainable supply chains is shown. An analytical study of the compliance of the criteria for selection of suppliers and the stages of development of logistics integration in the supply chain allowed to propose a hierarchy of criteria for selecting a supplier, where the criteria of a higher level cause changes in the criteria at the lower levels.

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MAGAZINE  №2 (91) April 2019

AUTHOR DEMIN A.S. 

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Supply chain management

ABSTRACT

In the context of globalization of the world economy, multinational corporations are attracting more and more attention, since their activities create a significant part of the global trade. However, the specifics of supply chain management (SCM) in such companies receive insufficient attention, and the rules and recommendations are largely based on the classical principles of the SCM theory. However, there is a specificity of working in a cross-cultural environment when counterparties you work with represent different countries. This article is devoted to an overview of the development of SCM in various regions of the world and methods of reengineering of multinational corporations’ business processes due to the regional differences. The article firstly provides a literature review on the regional specifics of the development of logistics and SCM; secondly, shows an example of the supply chain negotiation process differences, depending on the nationality of the counterparty; thirdly, describes a tool for taking regional factors into account when engineering key business processes in the supply chain. The article demonstrates the structure of the «Guidelines for Supply Chain Management in a Cross-Cultural Environment» – a decision support tool for a SCM manager of international level.

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Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHORS 

GRIGORIEV M.N. - Cand. of Eng. Sc., professor, Department of Economics, organization and production management, Baltic State Technical University «VOENMEH» named after D.F. Ustinov (St. Petersburg, Russia)

UVAROV S.A. - Doctor of Economics, Professor, Department of Trade and Goods Management,  St. Petersburg State University of Economics  (St. Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY  Global logistics projects Logistic infrastructure

ABSTRACT

The article is devoted to the topical problems of the wide development of the Arctic zone of the planet by the Russian Federation; these problems are of great importance in the context of increasing international competition and tightening economic sanctions against Russia by the EU, Canada and the United States. The prospect of a kind of revolution in global logistics has long attracted the attention of the Arctic States, whose borders are relatively far from the Arctic circle. We are talking primarily about China, India, Japan, South Korea, Singapore etc. (a total of 12 countries), that today have the status of permanent observers of the Arctic Council. The directions of scientific research and practical projects of these countries in the Arctic are analyzed.

In these circumstances, Russia faces the task of protecting the Arctic region as a national resource base and transport artery in an economically feasible way, relying on the capabilities of modern logistics. The current situation in the world requires our country, first of all, to strengthen its power capabilities in the Arctic region. However, this should be implemented with the help of innovative logistics technologies, seeking to improve the economic efficiency of the problem. Innovative Russian logistics technologies that can significantly enhance the competitive potential of Russia in the Arctic region are considered. The supply chain management (SCM) paradigm is proposed as a methodological basis which provides for the achievement of the intended result not only and not so much the intensive use of existing ones, but also the ability to constantly produce new competitive advantages. The authors ' proposals will contribute to the growth of domestic oil quotes in the European markets, to the activation of domestic and foreign investments in the construction of the Northern sea route, will strengthen the economic and national security of the country

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MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHOR SERGEEV V.I.

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Education in Logistics and SCM Human resource management and motivation

ABSTRACT

 The article systematically covers and analyses methodological and practical problems in relation to a new specialization of “Logistics and supply chain management”. The article considers a wide range of issues connected with the main activity of logisticians and experts in supply chain management (SCM); with prestige of the profession / specialization; with opportunities of self-improvement, career development and alumni employment; as well as with supplementary post-graduate education. The article reveals advantages of using innovative (digital) technologies, information and computer-based systems and software products. The role of School of Logistics and the International Centre of Training in Logistics in establishment and development of this prospective specialization in Russia is shown.

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MAGAZINE №4(87) August 2018

AUTHORS 

LUKINSKIY V.S.

SEROVA E.G. - Cand. of Ec. Sc., Associate Professor Management Department, National Research University Higher School of Economics (St. Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Information technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

Success of any logistics enterprise in the context of digital economy progress directly depends on regular and effective innovations in the area of improving analytical applications and information systems in such actively developing fields of knowledge as strategic management, distribution networks development, and supply chain management. In an attempt to ensure a sustainable economic circumstance under conditions of strong competition, the most perspective companies are increasingly focusing on the development and introduction of modern methods and tools for intelligent data analysis. The article focuses on the consideration of issues related to the use of modern simulation approaches and such components of the soft computing concept as neural networks, fuzzy logic and evolutionary computations in solving problems of multifunctional logistics and supply chain management.

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MAGAZINE №4(87) August 2018

AUTHORS MOROZOVA Y.A.

CATEGORY Analysis in logistics and SCM Information technologies in logistics and SCM

 

ABSTRACT

Currently, a company’s competitiveness largely depends on how it exploits the opportunities offered by modern information technologies. The Internet of things, big data, blockchain, artificial intelligence technologies - all of this brings companies to a new level of interaction and competition, gives new opportunities to build logistics processes, adjusts supply chain management. It is common knowledge that an important factor of success in the market is information awareness, or rather possession of knowledge. The development of Internet technologies and mobile devices made it possible to register almost all events: a visit to a store, a purchase, a trip, a meeting, etc. Information about these and other events is often in free access in the form of text messages in social networks, blogs, news websites, but the problem is to find, to analyze, and to draw conclusions. Text mining tools help to solve these tasks. The article reviews the experience of using text mining tools to solve problems in management, marketing, finance spheres, discusses possible applications of text mining in logistics and supply chain management. The article describes the process, main typical text mining tasks, and reviews the functionalities of modern text mining tools.

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MAGAZINE №2(85) April 2018

AUTHOR Kornienko P.A. - Graduate student, National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia)

CATEGORY Information technologies in logistics and SCM Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

 Today Blockchain technology is one of the breakthrough innovations that changes modern business and can bring it to a new level. Supply chain management (SCM) is one of the areas where this technology can manifest itself in the best possible light. Blockchain is designed to solve one of the most pressing issues of the SCM – ensuring the necessary level of transparency of the chain for all its participants. Every day, business increasingly faces the problem of counterfeiting, complicated document management or the problem of low-quality raw materials, in particular, in food industry. All these problems are a direct consequence of the lack of transparency required by the various scammers and attackers. Blockchain is a distributed and reliable data storage technology designed to solve the problems mentioned above. In this system, all participants have the same rights and access to information, and the system itself works through smart contracts that provide trust between participants. This paper examines the works of various authors and identifies the benefits of Blockchain technology and its application in SCM. In addition, successful examples of the use of this technology in business will be considered.

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MAGAZINE №2(85) April 2018

AUTHORS DYBSKAYA V.V.SERGEEV V.I.

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Supply chain management Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

The article looks at the main tendencies of SCM ideology development worldwide. Basing on the analysis of the reports of the largest analytical and IT companies on the theme under consideration, the article reveals key factors and drivers determining the SCM concept development in the midterm. The best practice of the leading logistic and SCM companies is researched; Gartner Research, in particular, provides a list of Top 25 best international companies using SCM in 2017.

The article analyzes Gartner Research recommendations on implementing the best SCM solutions and technologies in business organizations. SCM challenges and barriers in Russian companies are identified. It is determined that world SCM leaders particularly focus on implementation of digital technologies, such as RFID, Mobile app, Big Data, Cloud Services, IoT, BlockChain, 3DPrinting and others. It is shown that besides SCM digitalization, the leaders pay attention to supply chain segmentation, business client focus, improvement of stability, dynamics and transparency of supply chains.          

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Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE №1(84) February 2018

AUTHOR Korneeva O.N. - Marketing director, LLC PayOnline (Moscow, Russia)

CATEGORY Transportation in logistics Analytics and reviews Industrial companies’ corporate logistics

ABSTRACT

One of the significant conditions of oil and gas industry development is the steady sale of production including its cheap and reliable transportation to the consumer. Taking into account the fact that oil and gas are used primarily in the energy sector, the reliability of supplies is in priority. This determines construction and development of the pipeline network as the most efficient way to deliver hydrocarbons to customers. But due to remoteness of the construction site from suppliers such activities are connected with a number of difficulties. In addition, this process includes development of new territories characterized by unique natural, climatic, geographical, demographic, environmental and other factors that impose additional requirements and complicate the project logistics, contributing uncertainties affecting the project time frame and budget.

This article discusses the methodology of sequential optimization of construction logistics of the main gas pipeline. Considerable attention is paid to mathematical modeling and selection of a supply chain management model. A substantial part is devoted to practical modeling of transport logistics supplying a large-diameter pipe to the head section of the "Siberia Power".

The work shows that according to the results of the analysis and supply chain modeling, it is possible to optimize the logistics budget of the construction site by 10% of the total logistics costs of the project. Also, the article highlights the importance of the risk component caused by the peculiarities of each individual construction site and uncertainty factors that can vary at different stages of the project in different ways, which makes it impossible to use linear dependencies for their forecasting and leads to a spasmodic increase in risks. So, one of the few effective methods for predicting deviations is a scenario analysis based on a multifactor model. 

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MAGAZINE №3(86) June 2018

AUTHOR KALUZHSKY M.L. - Cand.of Phil. Sc., Assistant professor, Faculty of Economics and Management, Omsk State Technical University (Omsk, Russia)

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Supply chain management

ABSTRACT

The virtualization of the market has provoked a change not only in the market environment, but also in the institutions of logistics and other applied disciplines (marketing, management, etc.).  These changes are global in character, determining the institutional transformation of markets, regardless of the participants’ and regulators’ will .  Their appearance is due to external causes, so they are difficult to interpret within traditional endogenous methodology of logistics management.  Therefore, the exogenous approach was used as a methodological basis for the study.  The object of analysis was the production of consumer goods as the primary source of network commodity circulation and associated logistics processes.

In the network economy, logistics has become one of the most transformable spheres of economic activity.  Today, the theory lags behind practice.  Logistical innovations spontaneously arise under the influence of consumer demand and market conditions.  They underlie the competitive advantages of market leaders, but only become common property after the loss of their innovativeness.  Then the secrets of market leaders are revealed, spread and innovations become part of the theory.

The main result of the study is the justification of the thesis that in the virtual market conditions the priorities of logistics management are fundamentally changing.  Consumers from an object of market influence are transformed into its subject, taking away this role from sellers, defining parameters and setting the framework for market offers.  The logistics model, in which the logistics chain triggers a management decision, gives way to a model where consumer demand is the source of the launch of logistic processes. Four key factors determine the institutional transformation of logistics: virtualization of markets, transactional competition, sales customerization and logistics providers.  The new reality requires a revision of the fundamentals of the theory of logistics.  This is due to the fact that in institutional practice, institutional changes already determine the competitiveness of the subjects of the virtual market. 

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