Costs classification at creation of logistic chains of delivery

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MAGAZINE №2 (64) April 2015


CATEGORY Terminology in Logistics and SCM Transportation Providers of logistics services


Currently, there is instability in the transport and logistics market. Some logistics operators using customer incompetence, lack of a unified methodology for costs assessing try to use highest tariffs. Development of logistics costs classification is a very important issue at the moment.

Each transport and logistics company uses its own approach to the definition and calculation of these costs. Logistics costs classification is very important for cargo owners as it can be the basis for determining the types, sources and the value the costs for logistics operations. The article contains the results of a study on the composition of logistics costs for each participant in the supply chain: the sea carrier, warehouse, freight forwarders, road transport.

The authors systematized costs (as general, individual and specific groups for each member of the logistics chain), created logistics cost classification. Costs were grouped according to uniform operations in each of the groups. Authors justified the practical significance of the logistics costs classification. The article describes forwarder functions, its coordinating role in the delivery of cargo in the supply chain. The authors presented the forwarder logistics costs, justified for their own costs and expenses of forwarders clients.

Such a way the authors proved the importance of the logistics costs classification. The authors also pointed out the possibility of cost savings that will be used in further studies.


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