MAGAZINE  №5 (100) October 2020

AUTHORS KORNIENKO P.A., SHMAKOV E.N.

CATEGORY  Industrial companies’ corporate logistics Information technologies in logistics and SCM Logistic integration and coordination Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Supply chain management

 

ABSTRACT

In the era of digital and Internet technologies growth, digital transformation of supply chains already seems to be an unavoidable process that most companies have to face if they want to maintain their competitive advantages in the market or acquire new ones. Today "blockchain" technology is one of the breakthrough technologies that is increasingly attracting business representatives because it is designed to solve most of the problems of various companies. "Blockchain" technology is especially relevant for manufacturing enterprises, because they often face the problem of counterfeit goods, a low level of trust between contractors and problem of weak information security. The use of "blockchain "technology can eliminate all these problems; however, any company expects difficulties in implementing and adapting" blockchain" before the above problems are solved. One of the key challenges of implementing blockchain technology in the supply chain is the scale of digitalization accompanied by huge costs for purchasing Internet of things devices, creating digital tags and other elements of the digital supply chain. Over the past three years, the ecosystem of "blockchain" projects has changed dramatically: there are many more projects, the scope of application of the technology has expanded, and commercial software solutions for various types of companies have begun to appear on the market. This article will discuss the basic principles of the "blockchain" technology, types of "blockchain" systems and best practices in the use of technology in the management of supply chains of food industry enterprises.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  supply chain management Blockchain transparency digitalization smartcontract Best Practices food industry Internet of Things IOT

MAGAZINE  №3 (98) June 2020

AUTHORS KOLOSOV A.M.

CATEGORY  Information technologies in logistics and SCM Simulation modelling Sourcing

 

ABSTRACT

The economic feasibility of using Blockchain technology in procurement procedures still raises a number of questions for managers and employees of companies that plan to implement this technology to solve the problems of departments involved in procurement activities. A number of Russian and foreign works devoted to application of Blockchain technology in the given direction in any way do not touch a question of economic substantiation of using this technology, though point at perspective of its application. The work reviews existing information decisions on the basis of Blockchain technology in the field of logistics and supply chain management and calculation of economic efficiency of Blockchain technology use at carrying out purchasing procedures by means of simulating the modeling process of purchases in AnyLogic software environment.

 

 Electronic version

 Keywords: Blockchain smartcontract procurement sourcing information technology simulation simulation modelling simulation model AnyLogic

Published in Sourcing

MAGAZINE  №1 (96) February 2020

AUTHORS SERGEEV V.I., SERGEEV I.V.

CATEGORY  Information technologies in logistics and SCM Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM

 

 

ABSTRACT

The article considers problems of supply chain digital transformation. A framework for supply chain digital transformation consisting of four basic elements is proposed: digitalization of customer experience, digitalization of products and services, digitalization of operations / processes, digital transformation of a company / supply chain. The content (functional) structure of four frame blocks is defined and the main components (systems, technologies) that make up the digital content of the framework are described in detail.

The authors created a diagram (algorithm) of the supply chain digitalization process that includes three main stages: awareness of the need for digitalization, digital vision and strategy, a digital chain transformation technique as such.

The process of supply chain digital transformation itself includes a number of design decisions related to the formation of a communication network structure (Multi Party Network), in particular, using Blockchain technology, an integrated supply chain planning system, the Digital Twin ecosystem, as well as a digital platform control and monitoring of events in the supply chain (Supply Chain Control Tower).

 Electronic version

 Keywords: Framework digital transformation Digital Supply Chain Digital SCM methodology digital twin Blockchain multi party network

MAGAZINE  №2 (91) April 2019

AUTHORS DYBSKAYA V.V.SERGEEV V.I.

CATEGORY Controlling Information technologies in logistics and SCM

 

ABSTRACT

The advanced concept of control, monitoring and management of complex supply chains «Supply Chain Control Tower – SCCT» is considered. The basic terminology is given, the problematics is indicated and the key stages of the evolution of the SCCT concept are analyzed in the direction of increasing the maturity level of projects from version CT 1.0 to version CT
4.0. The shortcomings of earlier versions of the Control Tower (1.0-2.0) are analyzed. The article describes the design methodology of modern SCCT, including ensuring end-to-end visibility of the supply chain, building and exchanging data in a Multi-party Network, synthesis of a digital model – a twin of the physical supply chain; creation of information hubs for reli-
able storage and transmission of information using digital technologies, in particular, the blockchain. Examples of the implementation of the Control Tower 4.0 company One Network are set. The advantages of using advanced versions of Control Tower 4.0 for controlling and adaptive management of complex supply chains using predictive analytics and artificial intelligence are shown.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHOR KOLOSOV A.M.  - Postgraduate student, Department of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, National Research University Higher School of Economics (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Information technologies in logistics and SCM Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Sourcing

ABSTRACT

Today the increase in productivity and efficiency of the companies is directly connected with information technology development. Application of modern information technologies in logistics and supply chain management are needed to reduce costs and improve process efficiency. One of the most relevant directions in the field of logistics, in terms of process automation, is the purchasing activity of the companies. In relation to purchases, one of the most perspective technologies is the blockchain technology. Blockchain is a distributed database and the corresponding management system of current distributed database, by means of which the considered technology is implemented. This technology allows automating process of transactions in information systems of the companies by using smart contracts. It is declared, that use of this technology will allow to automate and optimize several processes related to purchases and other directions. However, the novelty of this technology creates some risks connected with the implementation of systems based on blockchain technology and lack of the legislative base. In this way, it is necessary to carry out the blockchain market status assessment and the analysis of risks and further perspectives of applying this technology. The article includes examples of the existing blockchain projects, considers analytical data of research about potential perspectives of technology and systematizes information about the possibility of use blockchain technology in purchasing activity of the companies. The analysis shows areas of purchasing activity where the use of blockchain technology is most justified, what problems need attention and what changes are happening in the blockchain market now. 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE №5(88) October 2018

AUTHORS 

SULEIMANOVA K.P. - Graduate student, National Research University Higher School of Economics (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

PLOTNIKOV V.A. - Cand.of Polit.Sc., Leading expert of the Centre for Applied Research and Development, National Research University Higher School of Economics  (Saint-Petersburg, Russia), Gazprom corporate Institute  (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Information technologies in logistics and SCM 

ABSTRACT

Within the framework of the digital economy development in Russia, one of important areas is “digital logistics/ supply chain”. In the market of freight and passenger traffic the use of digital technologies gives a competitive advantage, therefore their implementation is becoming inevitable for the entire logistics industry. This article considers trends, advantages, prospects and barriers to the implementation of digital technologies in the Russian Federation; the main types of these technologies and their influence on logistics business processes efficiency. A scheme for digital technologies (Big Data, IoT (Internet of Things), Blockchain, Cloud Services, 3D Printing) using in the supply chain are also presented. This paper provides the analysis of digital technologies use impact and a methodology for assessing the relationship with the components of the model of total logistics costs (TLC) in supply chains. 
It should be noted that proposed TLC model does not only include  logistics operations costs, but also the costs associated with complete customer satisfaction.The use of digital technologies in logistics makes it possible to increase efficiency,precision and speed of logistics operations, however it requires significant financial investments, personnel training, accounting long-term physical movement over long distances, problems of customs clearance and terminal handling of goods.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE №5(88) October 2018

AUTHORS Maydanova S.A.Ilyin I.V. 

CATEGORY  Transportation in logistics Logistic service providers

ABSTRACT

Nowadays economic activity of society sees quality changes related to new technologies implementation. Blockchain, artificial intelligence, e-platforms, predictive analytics, Internet of things, autonomous vehicles, robotics, machine learning are no longer only startup objects, but big business sphere of interests.

The object of research is the linear container transportations industry and technologies which accompany the beginning of supply chain new era; the subject is alignment business and IT architectures of the company - the global sea container line capable to provide support for container transportation processes strategic changes, their introduction and evaluation. The strategic alignment method has been developed by University of Twente (Enschede, the Netherlands) and the BiZZdesign company (Enschede, the Netherlands) researchers. This work considers application of this method for the global sea container line enterprise architecture design and the possibility of its application for a company’s digital transformation management.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

Wednesday, 02 January 2019 20:45

Intellectual Supply Chain Creation

MAGAZINE №4(87) August 2018

AUTHORS KOREPIN V.

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Information technologies in logistics and SCM Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

This article examines main influence of the Fourth industrial revolution announced in 2011 and of a lot of new technologies penetrating everyday life on existing processes in supply chain management and on its future development. The article reviews components of intelligent supply chains which are divided into two unequal groups: revolutionary and evolutionary technologies. The former ones are Internet of things, machine learning, 3d printing, blockchain, artificial intelligence and bots -all of which radically change the logic of supply chain work. The second group – evolutionary technologies – is more about successfully developing graphic technologies and functional organization of a workplace. The article mainly focuses on the first group. As a result, the article concludes that all these technologies closely intersect, which forms additional synergic effect of their contact; and that functions and responsibilities of an expert of supply chain management in a company should be thoroughly revised.  

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE №2(85) April 2018

AUTHOR Kornienko P.A. - Graduate student, National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia)

CATEGORY Information technologies in logistics and SCM Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

 Today Blockchain technology is one of the breakthrough innovations that changes modern business and can bring it to a new level. Supply chain management (SCM) is one of the areas where this technology can manifest itself in the best possible light. Blockchain is designed to solve one of the most pressing issues of the SCM – ensuring the necessary level of transparency of the chain for all its participants. Every day, business increasingly faces the problem of counterfeiting, complicated document management or the problem of low-quality raw materials, in particular, in food industry. All these problems are a direct consequence of the lack of transparency required by the various scammers and attackers. Blockchain is a distributed and reliable data storage technology designed to solve the problems mentioned above. In this system, all participants have the same rights and access to information, and the system itself works through smart contracts that provide trust between participants. This paper examines the works of various authors and identifies the benefits of Blockchain technology and its application in SCM. In addition, successful examples of the use of this technology in business will be considered.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE №2(85) April 2018

AUTHORS DYBSKAYA V.V.SERGEEV V.I.

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Supply chain management Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

The article looks at the main tendencies of SCM ideology development worldwide. Basing on the analysis of the reports of the largest analytical and IT companies on the theme under consideration, the article reveals key factors and drivers determining the SCM concept development in the midterm. The best practice of the leading logistic and SCM companies is researched; Gartner Research, in particular, provides a list of Top 25 best international companies using SCM in 2017.

The article analyzes Gartner Research recommendations on implementing the best SCM solutions and technologies in business organizations. SCM challenges and barriers in Russian companies are identified. It is determined that world SCM leaders particularly focus on implementation of digital technologies, such as RFID, Mobile app, Big Data, Cloud Services, IoT, BlockChain, 3DPrinting and others. It is shown that besides SCM digitalization, the leaders pay attention to supply chain segmentation, business client focus, improvement of stability, dynamics and transparency of supply chains.          

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

Published in Analytics and reviews
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