MAGAZINE  №1 (102) - 2021

AUTHORS 

KHMELNITSKAYA S.A.

BOREIKO A.E. - CEO, Intelligent Transport Technology, Ltd. (Moscow, Russia)

GROMOV I.S. - Outbound logistics manager, Supply chain department LLC «MVM» (Moscow, Russia)

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Information technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

Business processes transformation and enabling new business models with digital technologies are the main processes of modern business enviroment. These phenomena are associated with such terms as «digital economy», «digitalization», «digital platforms», «digital ecosystem», «digital services», «digital transformation» etc.

Process, industrial and technological approaches to digital transformation, conceptual elements of «Supply Chain Management 4.0», «Digital supply chain compass», and the main conclusions of «Digital transformation in Russia – 2020» research are considered based on the analysis of treatises and investigations of such consulting companies as McKinsey & Company, Gartner, PwC, KMDA.

Intergovernmental strategic decisions in digital transformation are fundamental for digital platforms development, creation of new models of interaction between global supply chains participants in the VUCA world and regulation methods. This paper describes digital services as part of Eurasian Economic Union digital transport corridors ecosystem development, as well as key regulations and projects on digital transformation in logistics industry support.

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Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE  №1 (102) - 2021

AUTHOR ANDREEVA A.A.

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Information technologies in logistics and SCM Warehouse logistics

ABSTRACT

 The dynamic development of information technologies has a comprehensive impact on various areas of activity. The logistics industry is one of those areas where over the past decades there has been an increasing trend to use smart technologies to ensure greater productivity in company processes. This paper describes the augmented reality technology used to improve warehouse performance. The trends of technology development in international and domestic practice are described. The main opportunities arising from the use of augmented reality in warehouse logistics and the obstacles preventing its use on an industrial scale are investigated. The article analyzes the principle and technical characteristics of AR-technology, as well as the functionality of the practical application of the technology to improve the performance of business processes in the warehouse.

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Published in Warehouse logistics

MAGAZINE  №1 (102) - 2021

AUTHORS 

BOCHKAREV A.A.

SAVENKOVA T.I. - Department of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, St. Petersburg School of Economics and Management, National Research University «Higher School of Economics», Campus in St. Petersburg (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY Inventory management Optimization and mathematical modelling

 

ABSTRACT

Dynamic and stochastic programming methods are often used nowadays for optimization problems solutions. Technological progress, computer performance and programs improvement led to expansion of optimization problems and their appearing in new spheres.

A brief review of dynamic and stochastic programming methods for solution of optimization problems in logistics (there are both classic logistic problems and problems from other spheres, however, from spheres where processes are interlinked with logistic functions and operations, given) is provided in the article. There are main features of reviewed optimization problems (whether the stated problem is one-period or multi-period, whether it is one-index or multi-index, main constraints, optimization criteria and solution methods, uncertainties) given.

The article presents multi-period multi-index optimization problem devoted to the search of optimal strategy of computers purchase and selling via retailers. It is required to find optimal correlation between number of bought and sold computers of three types during four months under the changing demand, there is only demand forecast based on marketing research available. Mathematical statement of the problem and statement of this problem in MATLAB are offered as well as this problem solution in MATLAB.

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MAGAZINE  №6 (101) December 2020

AUTHORS GLUSHKOVA Y.O.

CATEGORY  Supply chains reliability and sustainability Analytics and reviews Supply chain management

 

ABSTRACT

 The conditions of the pandemic have changed many aspects of economic life, including logistics in some areas. In the current situation, people were isolated from offline purchases of certain types of goods, but the need for purchases themselves remained, so the distribution of goods and services on the Internet is actively developing – the fashion industry is considered as an example. In the context of the pandemic, and as a result, a decline in sales and failures in the supply chain, priority logistics tasks for players in this industry are the development of online sales channels and their digitalization; transformation and digitalization of supply chains in order to increase their reliability, reduce the order execution cycle and ensure a quick response to changes in consumer demand. The features and specifics of the fashion industry for effective design and supply chain management in this industry are revealed. The prerequisites, conditions and factors of structural changes in the supply chain in the context of the coronavirus pandemic are determined. The article proposes a transformed model of the supply chain in the fashion industry which responds to the current conditions for the sector functioning and consumer needs.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:   supply chain logistics delivery delay purchase delay online sales offline sales

Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE  №3 (98) June 2020

AUTHORS BORISOVSKAYA M.A.

CATEGORY  Analysis in logistics and SCM Distribution logistics Retail companies’ corporate logistics Supply chain management

 

ABSTRACT

The article analyses the following current trends in the retail development: changing consumer behavioral models, evolution of strategies and policies of chain retail companies in the field of pricing and promotion, conflict-forming factors of interaction with suppliers and category management, the dynamics of basic elements of the goods costs, the role of digital technologies and the impact of COVID 2019 on retail organization. The current problems of logistics and marketing in retail chain companies in their relationship and interdependence were additionally identified and systemized. A list of indicators, methods of calculation and tools for their analysis and interpretation were developed basing on the determined trends and the study of scientific and business literature, reviews and research, classic works in logistics and marketing, the results of the conducted survey of managers in Russian Federal retail chains and FMCG companies. These indicators are recommended for the preparation of management decisions in marketing and logistics planning at cross-functional and cross-organizational levels.

 

 Electronic version

 Keywords: retail supply chain management FMCG marketing logistics performance indicators decision making planning logistics strategy policy

Published in Distribution logistics

MAGAZINE  №3 (98) June 2020

AUTHORS MOROZOVA Y.A.

CATEGORY  Information technologies in logistics and SCM Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Analytics and reviews

 

ABSTRACT

Virtual and augmented reality technologies are one of the innovative areas that contribute to the overall trend of logistics digitalization. This study examines the main technological advances in the field of virtual and augmented reality. The article presents a classification of virtual and augmented reality devices, an overview of solutions available on the market, and a comparison of their characteristics. Based on the analysis of publications of research results and experiments conducted using virtual and augmented reality devices, the main requirements for these devices and promising ways and areas of their application in logistics are identified. The results of the analysis of the experience of using these technologies by Russian and foreign logistics companies are presented, problems and prospects are identified. We also determined problems that prevent the mass implementation of virtual and augmented reality technologies in logistics processes due to the imperfection of devices, software, and the lack of specialists. The advantages that a company can get by implementing virtual and augmented reality technologies in its logistics processes are pinpointed.

 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  virtual reality augmented reality logistics innovation digitalization

MAGAZINE  №5 (94) October 2019

AUTHORS GETMAN A.G.

CATEGORY  Logistic services market Logistic infrastructure

 

ABSTRACT

 Today, despite the well-developed issues in the field of logistics, the impact on the size of the logistics costs of the factor of maintaining the intellectual property in the foreign trade commodity flow is not investigated.
The article identifies logistic risks associated with the increase in logistic costs due to costs associated with the movement of foreign trade flow of goods containing the intellectual property.
A comparative analysis of time and material costs arising from the movement of goods containing intellectual property items across the customs border is presented.
The main criteria characterizing the specificity of the commodity flow containing an object of intellectual property are considered.
As a result, the following is proposed:
measures to minimize logistic costs (time and financial) in relation to the movement of goods flow containing the object of intellectual property;
measures to minimize logistic risks of the foreign trade commodity flow the documents for which do not indicate the intellectual property object.
The methodology consisted of the theoretical foundations of the essence of logistic costs and the flow of goods containing IPOs, the current EAEU customs legislation, system analysis.
Conclusion: the article determines main directions for the development of logistic advantages associated with the reduction of time and material costs when moving foreign trade commodity flow containing intellectual property requiring further research.

 

 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  Intellectual property intellectual property objects supply chain logistics customs clearance risks customs legislation EAEU logistics costs

MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS 

Valeyev R.S.

Valeyeva A.F.

Goncharova Y.A. - Cand.of Tech.Sc., Software engineer, Research and Production Center «GeoTek» (Ufa, Russia)

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Optimization and mathematical modelling

 

ABSTRACT

The paper reviews well-known routing problems (Vehicle Routing Problem, VRP), that are an essential part of the transport logistics. The mathematical models of various routing problems’ classes are given: with account to a transport vehicle’s carrying capacity (TV); with the time windows; with split delivery; with a given planning time horizon (periodic problem); with backhauls; with satellite facilities. Since the routing problems are the NP-hard objectives of combinatorial optimization, for the sake of their practical application in the sphere of the transportation management the various heuristic algorithms are being developed. The known metaheuristics are expounded in the paper that present the local search algorithms as well as constructive algorithms, namely, the genetic algorithm; the evolutionary strategies; the ant colony algorithms’ series; the alternating neighbourhood search algorithm. Herewith, the attention is paid to the solution coding and to some neighbourhood constructing solution operations. Since in practice the routing problems are closely connected with the goods disposition within the transport vehicles (the 3D packing problem), the approximate algorithms which provide obtaining the goods packing map are described. The given review of various routing problems’ classes and the effective methods of their solution aid in practical problems of the effective routes search for the goods delivery to various customers. So, Part 2 of the paper describes the mathematical model and the methods of one practical task resolving that is processed together with the 3D packing problem of goods inside car transport vehicles.

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Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS DEMIN A.S. 

CATEGORY Logistic integration and coordination Human resource management and motivation

ABSTRACT

Logistics occupies an important role in the organizational structure of modern business management. With the transition to the concept of supply chain management (SCM), its responsibilities also include coordinating functions. On the other hand, SCM is a critical area for multinational corporations with enough market power. This article aims to bring together scientific knowledge in the field of organizational design of multinational corporations (MNC) and the construction of organizational structures for logistics management.

A key feature of designing the organizational structure of logistics management in MNCs is the increased importance of national culture. This is confirmed by the articles on the role of the human factor in the SCM. Besides, other articles show the influence of the national culture criteria on the practices of crossfunctional coordination. In this regard, it is important not only to understand the peculiarities of national cultures, but also to be able to use them when implementing SCM practices, in other words, to be culturally intelligent. The article demonstrated the possibility of considering these characteristics both in theoretical terms and in practice, using an illustrative example of a large MNC. In addition, the specificity of the divisional organizational management structure development was demonstrated, where, on the one hand, both regional and product specificities are considered, on the other, the principle of dual subordination is absent. The developed methodology seems to be effective as it expands the knowledge of the manager responsible for building a rational organizational structure for managing logistics.

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MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS MOROZOVA Y.A.

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Transportation in logistics

ABSTRACT

Unmanned technology is one of the innovative directions in logistics gradually entering our life. Many companies in Russia and abroad are developing in this direction. How close are they to realization and industrial implementation? What types of unmanned vehicles exist at the moment? This article presents the classification of unmanned technology, as well as a review of the market for existing unmanned solutions, their features and manufacturers. Unmanned vehicles, drones, unmanned water and rail vehicles, as well as robots for cargo handling in a warehouse were considered. Using the press releases from leading manufacturers and customers of unmanned vehicles, an analysis of Russian and foreign experience in the use of unmanned technology in logistics was conducted, the results of which revealed the main areas of their application. The problems that impede the mass implementation of unmanned technologies in logistic processes associated with both imperfections of unmanned technologies and other external factors were also identified. The advantages of unmanned solutions in comparison to traditional vehicles were determined. Prospective areas of application of unmanned technology, promising to increase the efficiency of logistics processes and the level of logistics services were considered 

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Published in Analytics and reviews
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