MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS 

Valeyev R.S.

Valeyeva A.F.

Goncharova Y.A. - Cand.of Tech.Sc., Software engineer, Research and Production Center «GeoTek» (Ufa, Russia)

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Optimization and mathematical modelling

 

ABSTRACT

The paper reviews well-known routing problems (Vehicle Routing Problem, VRP), that are an essential part of the transport logistics. The mathematical models of various routing problems’ classes are given: with account to a transport vehicle’s carrying capacity (TV); with the time windows; with split delivery; with a given planning time horizon (periodic problem); with backhauls; with satellite facilities. Since the routing problems are the NP-hard objectives of combinatorial optimization, for the sake of their practical application in the sphere of the transportation management the various heuristic algorithms are being developed. The known metaheuristics are expounded in the paper that present the local search algorithms as well as constructive algorithms, namely, the genetic algorithm; the evolutionary strategies; the ant colony algorithms’ series; the alternating neighbourhood search algorithm. Herewith, the attention is paid to the solution coding and to some neighbourhood constructing solution operations. Since in practice the routing problems are closely connected with the goods disposition within the transport vehicles (the 3D packing problem), the approximate algorithms which provide obtaining the goods packing map are described. The given review of various routing problems’ classes and the effective methods of their solution aid in practical problems of the effective routes search for the goods delivery to various customers. So, Part 2 of the paper describes the mathematical model and the methods of one practical task resolving that is processed together with the 3D packing problem of goods inside car transport vehicles.

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Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS DEMIN A.S. 

CATEGORY Logistic integration and coordination Human resource management and motivation

ABSTRACT

Logistics occupies an important role in the organizational structure of modern business management. With the transition to the concept of supply chain management (SCM), its responsibilities also include coordinating functions. On the other hand, SCM is a critical area for multinational corporations with enough market power. This article aims to bring together scientific knowledge in the field of organizational design of multinational corporations (MNC) and the construction of organizational structures for logistics management.

A key feature of designing the organizational structure of logistics management in MNCs is the increased importance of national culture. This is confirmed by the articles on the role of the human factor in the SCM. Besides, other articles show the influence of the national culture criteria on the practices of crossfunctional coordination. In this regard, it is important not only to understand the peculiarities of national cultures, but also to be able to use them when implementing SCM practices, in other words, to be culturally intelligent. The article demonstrated the possibility of considering these characteristics both in theoretical terms and in practice, using an illustrative example of a large MNC. In addition, the specificity of the divisional organizational management structure development was demonstrated, where, on the one hand, both regional and product specificities are considered, on the other, the principle of dual subordination is absent. The developed methodology seems to be effective as it expands the knowledge of the manager responsible for building a rational organizational structure for managing logistics.

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MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS MOROZOVA Y.A.

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Transportation in logistics

ABSTRACT

Unmanned technology is one of the innovative directions in logistics gradually entering our life. Many companies in Russia and abroad are developing in this direction. How close are they to realization and industrial implementation? What types of unmanned vehicles exist at the moment? This article presents the classification of unmanned technology, as well as a review of the market for existing unmanned solutions, their features and manufacturers. Unmanned vehicles, drones, unmanned water and rail vehicles, as well as robots for cargo handling in a warehouse were considered. Using the press releases from leading manufacturers and customers of unmanned vehicles, an analysis of Russian and foreign experience in the use of unmanned technology in logistics was conducted, the results of which revealed the main areas of their application. The problems that impede the mass implementation of unmanned technologies in logistic processes associated with both imperfections of unmanned technologies and other external factors were also identified. The advantages of unmanned solutions in comparison to traditional vehicles were determined. Prospective areas of application of unmanned technology, promising to increase the efficiency of logistics processes and the level of logistics services were considered 

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Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE  №1 (90) February 2019

AUTHORS LUKINSKIY V.V.MAYEVSKIY A.G.

CATEGORY  Optimization and mathematical modelling Inventory management

ABSTRACT

Stock-out – an inventory shortage, is a situation which periodically or constantly retailers, networks of retail trade (and other commercial organizations connected with replenishment and stocks expenditure) face worldwide. Numerous publications of foreign authors proposing practical solutions for such organizations is a vivid example of it. Some retail chain stores and enterprises even issue guidebooks to handle stock-out.
In domestic literature, there are publications describing various stock-out forms, as well as recommendations associated with the decision-making on them. Nevertheless, the experience connected with the prevention and struggle against the stock-out consequences is uncoordinated, lacks common structure, and sequence of actions. An enterprise facing stock-out receives only fragmentary data on the nature of this phenomenon, necessary instruments of influence and the sequence of actions.
To give an idea of the existing spectrum of analytical approaches and possible practical solutions, is one of the main objectives of this article. At the same time, issues related directly to determining the stock volume and other parameters of a company's inventory management system are considered. Based on the analysis of the issues described above, a possible algorithm of actions an organization can follow in the event of a stock-out, is presented. The possible development of an approach to manage the most complex stock-out case – «with a lost demand» is also considered.

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Published in Inventory management

MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHORS 

SULEIMANOVA K.P. - Graduate student, National Research University Higher School of Economics (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

PLOTNIKOV V.A. - Cand.of Polit.Sc., Leading expert of the Centre for Applied Research and Development, National Research University Higher School of Economics  (Saint-Petersburg, Russia), Gazprom corporate Institute  (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY  Supply chain management Transportation in logistics

ABSTRACT

 The current situation in the world economy has a significant impact on the imbalance in the use of different types of natural resources. International energy supply chains are a crucial element of energy security, and their sustainability affects market conditions in most countries. The primary purpose of this article is to form the foundations of the theory and methodology of supply chain management of pipeline transport. Authors identified opportunities for the application of the method of the logistics to pipeline transport systems. By analyzing the features of pipeline transport in general, the authors propose the use of methods and models of logistics and supply chain management in the planning of the oil and gas transportation systems, taking into account the characteristics of flows while using this type of transport.

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MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHORS 

GRIGORIEV M.N. - Cand. of Eng. Sc., professor, Department of Economics, organization and production management, Baltic State Technical University «VOENMEH» named after D.F. Ustinov (St. Petersburg, Russia)

UVAROV S.A. - Doctor of Economics, Professor, Department of Trade and Goods Management,  St. Petersburg State University of Economics  (St. Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY  Global logistics projects Logistic infrastructure

ABSTRACT

The article is devoted to the topical problems of the wide development of the Arctic zone of the planet by the Russian Federation; these problems are of great importance in the context of increasing international competition and tightening economic sanctions against Russia by the EU, Canada and the United States. The prospect of a kind of revolution in global logistics has long attracted the attention of the Arctic States, whose borders are relatively far from the Arctic circle. We are talking primarily about China, India, Japan, South Korea, Singapore etc. (a total of 12 countries), that today have the status of permanent observers of the Arctic Council. The directions of scientific research and practical projects of these countries in the Arctic are analyzed.

In these circumstances, Russia faces the task of protecting the Arctic region as a national resource base and transport artery in an economically feasible way, relying on the capabilities of modern logistics. The current situation in the world requires our country, first of all, to strengthen its power capabilities in the Arctic region. However, this should be implemented with the help of innovative logistics technologies, seeking to improve the economic efficiency of the problem. Innovative Russian logistics technologies that can significantly enhance the competitive potential of Russia in the Arctic region are considered. The supply chain management (SCM) paradigm is proposed as a methodological basis which provides for the achievement of the intended result not only and not so much the intensive use of existing ones, but also the ability to constantly produce new competitive advantages. The authors ' proposals will contribute to the growth of domestic oil quotes in the European markets, to the activation of domestic and foreign investments in the construction of the Northern sea route, will strengthen the economic and national security of the country

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MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHOR SERGEEV V.I.

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Education in Logistics and SCM Human resource management and motivation

ABSTRACT

 The article systematically covers and analyses methodological and practical problems in relation to a new specialization of “Logistics and supply chain management”. The article considers a wide range of issues connected with the main activity of logisticians and experts in supply chain management (SCM); with prestige of the profession / specialization; with opportunities of self-improvement, career development and alumni employment; as well as with supplementary post-graduate education. The article reveals advantages of using innovative (digital) technologies, information and computer-based systems and software products. The role of School of Logistics and the International Centre of Training in Logistics in establishment and development of this prospective specialization in Russia is shown.

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MAGAZINE №5(88) October 2018

AUTHORS 

SULEIMANOVA K.P. - Graduate student, National Research University Higher School of Economics (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

PLOTNIKOV V.A. - Cand.of Polit.Sc., Leading expert of the Centre for Applied Research and Development, National Research University Higher School of Economics  (Saint-Petersburg, Russia), Gazprom corporate Institute  (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Information technologies in logistics and SCM 

ABSTRACT

Within the framework of the digital economy development in Russia, one of important areas is “digital logistics/ supply chain”. In the market of freight and passenger traffic the use of digital technologies gives a competitive advantage, therefore their implementation is becoming inevitable for the entire logistics industry. This article considers trends, advantages, prospects and barriers to the implementation of digital technologies in the Russian Federation; the main types of these technologies and their influence on logistics business processes efficiency. A scheme for digital technologies (Big Data, IoT (Internet of Things), Blockchain, Cloud Services, 3D Printing) using in the supply chain are also presented. This paper provides the analysis of digital technologies use impact and a methodology for assessing the relationship with the components of the model of total logistics costs (TLC) in supply chains. 
It should be noted that proposed TLC model does not only include  logistics operations costs, but also the costs associated with complete customer satisfaction.The use of digital technologies in logistics makes it possible to increase efficiency,precision and speed of logistics operations, however it requires significant financial investments, personnel training, accounting long-term physical movement over long distances, problems of customs clearance and terminal handling of goods.

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MAGAZINE №4(87) August 2018

AUTHORS 

LUKINSKIY V.S.

SEROVA E.G. - Cand. of Ec. Sc., Associate Professor Management Department, National Research University Higher School of Economics (St. Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Information technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

Success of any logistics enterprise in the context of digital economy progress directly depends on regular and effective innovations in the area of improving analytical applications and information systems in such actively developing fields of knowledge as strategic management, distribution networks development, and supply chain management. In an attempt to ensure a sustainable economic circumstance under conditions of strong competition, the most perspective companies are increasingly focusing on the development and introduction of modern methods and tools for intelligent data analysis. The article focuses on the consideration of issues related to the use of modern simulation approaches and such components of the soft computing concept as neural networks, fuzzy logic and evolutionary computations in solving problems of multifunctional logistics and supply chain management.

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MAGAZINE №4(87) August 2018

AUTHORS MOROZOVA Y.A.

CATEGORY Analysis in logistics and SCM Information technologies in logistics and SCM

 

ABSTRACT

Currently, a company’s competitiveness largely depends on how it exploits the opportunities offered by modern information technologies. The Internet of things, big data, blockchain, artificial intelligence technologies - all of this brings companies to a new level of interaction and competition, gives new opportunities to build logistics processes, adjusts supply chain management. It is common knowledge that an important factor of success in the market is information awareness, or rather possession of knowledge. The development of Internet technologies and mobile devices made it possible to register almost all events: a visit to a store, a purchase, a trip, a meeting, etc. Information about these and other events is often in free access in the form of text messages in social networks, blogs, news websites, but the problem is to find, to analyze, and to draw conclusions. Text mining tools help to solve these tasks. The article reviews the experience of using text mining tools to solve problems in management, marketing, finance spheres, discusses possible applications of text mining in logistics and supply chain management. The article describes the process, main typical text mining tasks, and reviews the functionalities of modern text mining tools.

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