MAGAZINE  №3 (98) June 2020

AUTHORS BORISOVSKAYA M.A.

CATEGORY  Analysis in logistics and SCM Distribution logistics Retail companies’ corporate logistics Supply chain management

 

ABSTRACT

The article analyses the following current trends in the retail development: changing consumer behavioral models, evolution of strategies and policies of chain retail companies in the field of pricing and promotion, conflict-forming factors of interaction with suppliers and category management, the dynamics of basic elements of the goods costs, the role of digital technologies and the impact of COVID 2019 on retail organization. The current problems of logistics and marketing in retail chain companies in their relationship and interdependence were additionally identified and systemized. A list of indicators, methods of calculation and tools for their analysis and interpretation were developed basing on the determined trends and the study of scientific and business literature, reviews and research, classic works in logistics and marketing, the results of the conducted survey of managers in Russian Federal retail chains and FMCG companies. These indicators are recommended for the preparation of management decisions in marketing and logistics planning at cross-functional and cross-organizational levels.

 

 Electronic version

 Keywords: retail supply chain management FMCG marketing logistics performance indicators decision making planning logistics strategy policy

Published in Distribution logistics

MAGAZINE  №3 (98) June 2020

AUTHORS MOROZOVA Y.A.

CATEGORY  Information technologies in logistics and SCM Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Analytics and reviews

 

ABSTRACT

Virtual and augmented reality technologies are one of the innovative areas that contribute to the overall trend of logistics digitalization. This study examines the main technological advances in the field of virtual and augmented reality. The article presents a classification of virtual and augmented reality devices, an overview of solutions available on the market, and a comparison of their characteristics. Based on the analysis of publications of research results and experiments conducted using virtual and augmented reality devices, the main requirements for these devices and promising ways and areas of their application in logistics are identified. The results of the analysis of the experience of using these technologies by Russian and foreign logistics companies are presented, problems and prospects are identified. We also determined problems that prevent the mass implementation of virtual and augmented reality technologies in logistics processes due to the imperfection of devices, software, and the lack of specialists. The advantages that a company can get by implementing virtual and augmented reality technologies in its logistics processes are pinpointed.

 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  virtual reality augmented reality logistics innovation digitalization

MAGAZINE  №5 (94) October 2019

AUTHORS GETMAN A.G.

CATEGORY  Logistic services market Logistic infrastructure

 

ABSTRACT

 Today, despite the well-developed issues in the field of logistics, the impact on the size of the logistics costs of the factor of maintaining the intellectual property in the foreign trade commodity flow is not investigated.
The article identifies logistic risks associated with the increase in logistic costs due to costs associated with the movement of foreign trade flow of goods containing the intellectual property.
A comparative analysis of time and material costs arising from the movement of goods containing intellectual property items across the customs border is presented.
The main criteria characterizing the specificity of the commodity flow containing an object of intellectual property are considered.
As a result, the following is proposed:
measures to minimize logistic costs (time and financial) in relation to the movement of goods flow containing the object of intellectual property;
measures to minimize logistic risks of the foreign trade commodity flow the documents for which do not indicate the intellectual property object.
The methodology consisted of the theoretical foundations of the essence of logistic costs and the flow of goods containing IPOs, the current EAEU customs legislation, system analysis.
Conclusion: the article determines main directions for the development of logistic advantages associated with the reduction of time and material costs when moving foreign trade commodity flow containing intellectual property requiring further research.

 

 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  Intellectual property intellectual property objects supply chain logistics customs clearance risks customs legislation EAEU logistics costs

MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS 

Valeyev R.S.

Valeyeva A.F.

Goncharova Y.A. - Cand.of Tech.Sc., Software engineer, Research and Production Center «GeoTek» (Ufa, Russia)

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Optimization and mathematical modelling

 

ABSTRACT

The paper reviews well-known routing problems (Vehicle Routing Problem, VRP), that are an essential part of the transport logistics. The mathematical models of various routing problems’ classes are given: with account to a transport vehicle’s carrying capacity (TV); with the time windows; with split delivery; with a given planning time horizon (periodic problem); with backhauls; with satellite facilities. Since the routing problems are the NP-hard objectives of combinatorial optimization, for the sake of their practical application in the sphere of the transportation management the various heuristic algorithms are being developed. The known metaheuristics are expounded in the paper that present the local search algorithms as well as constructive algorithms, namely, the genetic algorithm; the evolutionary strategies; the ant colony algorithms’ series; the alternating neighbourhood search algorithm. Herewith, the attention is paid to the solution coding and to some neighbourhood constructing solution operations. Since in practice the routing problems are closely connected with the goods disposition within the transport vehicles (the 3D packing problem), the approximate algorithms which provide obtaining the goods packing map are described. The given review of various routing problems’ classes and the effective methods of their solution aid in practical problems of the effective routes search for the goods delivery to various customers. So, Part 2 of the paper describes the mathematical model and the methods of one practical task resolving that is processed together with the 3D packing problem of goods inside car transport vehicles.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS DEMIN A.S. 

CATEGORY Logistic integration and coordination Human resource management and motivation

ABSTRACT

Logistics occupies an important role in the organizational structure of modern business management. With the transition to the concept of supply chain management (SCM), its responsibilities also include coordinating functions. On the other hand, SCM is a critical area for multinational corporations with enough market power. This article aims to bring together scientific knowledge in the field of organizational design of multinational corporations (MNC) and the construction of organizational structures for logistics management.

A key feature of designing the organizational structure of logistics management in MNCs is the increased importance of national culture. This is confirmed by the articles on the role of the human factor in the SCM. Besides, other articles show the influence of the national culture criteria on the practices of crossfunctional coordination. In this regard, it is important not only to understand the peculiarities of national cultures, but also to be able to use them when implementing SCM practices, in other words, to be culturally intelligent. The article demonstrated the possibility of considering these characteristics both in theoretical terms and in practice, using an illustrative example of a large MNC. In addition, the specificity of the divisional organizational management structure development was demonstrated, where, on the one hand, both regional and product specificities are considered, on the other, the principle of dual subordination is absent. The developed methodology seems to be effective as it expands the knowledge of the manager responsible for building a rational organizational structure for managing logistics.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS MOROZOVA Y.A.

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Transportation in logistics

ABSTRACT

Unmanned technology is one of the innovative directions in logistics gradually entering our life. Many companies in Russia and abroad are developing in this direction. How close are they to realization and industrial implementation? What types of unmanned vehicles exist at the moment? This article presents the classification of unmanned technology, as well as a review of the market for existing unmanned solutions, their features and manufacturers. Unmanned vehicles, drones, unmanned water and rail vehicles, as well as robots for cargo handling in a warehouse were considered. Using the press releases from leading manufacturers and customers of unmanned vehicles, an analysis of Russian and foreign experience in the use of unmanned technology in logistics was conducted, the results of which revealed the main areas of their application. The problems that impede the mass implementation of unmanned technologies in logistic processes associated with both imperfections of unmanned technologies and other external factors were also identified. The advantages of unmanned solutions in comparison to traditional vehicles were determined. Prospective areas of application of unmanned technology, promising to increase the efficiency of logistics processes and the level of logistics services were considered 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE  №1 (90) February 2019

AUTHORS LUKINSKIY V.V.MAYEVSKIY A.G.

CATEGORY  Optimization and mathematical modelling Inventory management

ABSTRACT

Stock-out – an inventory shortage, is a situation which periodically or constantly retailers, networks of retail trade (and other commercial organizations connected with replenishment and stocks expenditure) face worldwide. Numerous publications of foreign authors proposing practical solutions for such organizations is a vivid example of it. Some retail chain stores and enterprises even issue guidebooks to handle stock-out.
In domestic literature, there are publications describing various stock-out forms, as well as recommendations associated with the decision-making on them. Nevertheless, the experience connected with the prevention and struggle against the stock-out consequences is uncoordinated, lacks common structure, and sequence of actions. An enterprise facing stock-out receives only fragmentary data on the nature of this phenomenon, necessary instruments of influence and the sequence of actions.
To give an idea of the existing spectrum of analytical approaches and possible practical solutions, is one of the main objectives of this article. At the same time, issues related directly to determining the stock volume and other parameters of a company's inventory management system are considered. Based on the analysis of the issues described above, a possible algorithm of actions an organization can follow in the event of a stock-out, is presented. The possible development of an approach to manage the most complex stock-out case – «with a lost demand» is also considered.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

Published in Inventory management

MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHORS 

SULEIMANOVA K.P. - Graduate student, National Research University Higher School of Economics (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

PLOTNIKOV V.A. - Cand.of Polit.Sc., Leading expert of the Centre for Applied Research and Development, National Research University Higher School of Economics  (Saint-Petersburg, Russia), Gazprom corporate Institute  (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY  Supply chain management Transportation in logistics

ABSTRACT

 The current situation in the world economy has a significant impact on the imbalance in the use of different types of natural resources. International energy supply chains are a crucial element of energy security, and their sustainability affects market conditions in most countries. The primary purpose of this article is to form the foundations of the theory and methodology of supply chain management of pipeline transport. Authors identified opportunities for the application of the method of the logistics to pipeline transport systems. By analyzing the features of pipeline transport in general, the authors propose the use of methods and models of logistics and supply chain management in the planning of the oil and gas transportation systems, taking into account the characteristics of flows while using this type of transport.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHORS 

GRIGORIEV M.N. - Cand. of Eng. Sc., professor, Department of Economics, organization and production management, Baltic State Technical University «VOENMEH» named after D.F. Ustinov (St. Petersburg, Russia)

UVAROV S.A. - Doctor of Economics, Professor, Department of Trade and Goods Management,  St. Petersburg State University of Economics  (St. Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY  Global logistics projects Logistic infrastructure

ABSTRACT

The article is devoted to the topical problems of the wide development of the Arctic zone of the planet by the Russian Federation; these problems are of great importance in the context of increasing international competition and tightening economic sanctions against Russia by the EU, Canada and the United States. The prospect of a kind of revolution in global logistics has long attracted the attention of the Arctic States, whose borders are relatively far from the Arctic circle. We are talking primarily about China, India, Japan, South Korea, Singapore etc. (a total of 12 countries), that today have the status of permanent observers of the Arctic Council. The directions of scientific research and practical projects of these countries in the Arctic are analyzed.

In these circumstances, Russia faces the task of protecting the Arctic region as a national resource base and transport artery in an economically feasible way, relying on the capabilities of modern logistics. The current situation in the world requires our country, first of all, to strengthen its power capabilities in the Arctic region. However, this should be implemented with the help of innovative logistics technologies, seeking to improve the economic efficiency of the problem. Innovative Russian logistics technologies that can significantly enhance the competitive potential of Russia in the Arctic region are considered. The supply chain management (SCM) paradigm is proposed as a methodological basis which provides for the achievement of the intended result not only and not so much the intensive use of existing ones, but also the ability to constantly produce new competitive advantages. The authors ' proposals will contribute to the growth of domestic oil quotes in the European markets, to the activation of domestic and foreign investments in the construction of the Northern sea route, will strengthen the economic and national security of the country

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHOR SERGEEV V.I.

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Education in Logistics and SCM Human resource management and motivation

ABSTRACT

 The article systematically covers and analyses methodological and practical problems in relation to a new specialization of “Logistics and supply chain management”. The article considers a wide range of issues connected with the main activity of logisticians and experts in supply chain management (SCM); with prestige of the profession / specialization; with opportunities of self-improvement, career development and alumni employment; as well as with supplementary post-graduate education. The article reveals advantages of using innovative (digital) technologies, information and computer-based systems and software products. The role of School of Logistics and the International Centre of Training in Logistics in establishment and development of this prospective specialization in Russia is shown.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

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