MAGAZINE  №1 (90) February 2019



KLEPIKOV V.V. - PricewaterhouseCoopers (Moscow, Russia)

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Industrial companies’ corporate logistics Logistic infrastructure Transportation in logistics


Multimodal transportation is an independent type of transport business. It is often used in the oil export. Due to the geographical location of the regions of production and consumption, more than 97% of all exported oil in the world is delivered via sea and pipeline transport.
The problem of using pipeline and sea transport is very relevant for our country as one of the main exporters of oil in the world. The paper presents studies examining various approaches to analyzing multimodal transportation. Solutions to some problems of multimodal oil deliveries are shown in the paper. One of the significant achievements of the modern domestic system of oil transportation is the transport system for exporting domestic oil to the promising markets of Asian countries.
The ESPO oil is a well-known grade of oil on the energy market. To transport this oil ESPO-1 and 2 oil pipelines were build. The structure of ESPO-2 includes oil port terminal. After leaving pipeline segment of transportation oil is delivered to the consumers by tankers. Transportation costs associated with long distance delivery have significant impact on the oil price
market for the consumers. This paper presents methodology for calculating the cost of multimodal oil transportation as well as the example costs calculations for the pipeline and maritime transportation segments. The article shows that costs associated with the pipeline transportation segment have significant impact on the total costs of multimodal transportation of

 Electronic version


Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE №1(84) February 2018


CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Industrial companies’ corporate logistics Logistic infrastructure Transportation in logistics


The typical feature of the oil market of the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas is significant prevalence of imported raw materials over domestic oil refining, and the oil production dynamics over the past few years does not suggest a significant production growth in the future. This circumstance determines specific features of the logistics of oil transportation to the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas refineries. Availability of Druzhba’s oil pipeline system enables to use the trunk pipelines for Russian oil supply to regional refineries without a marine pass, which makes the process independent on weather conditions. So oil supplies via Druzhba are crucial for the region.

Marine oil transportation to the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas market has a number of advantages. That is why refineries in many countries have crude oil supplied via European oil trunk pipelines that receive oil via marine port terminals. The paper describes the transport infrastructure of oil pipelines sea terminals, shows modern distribution of oil refining facilities in the European continent, and studies the procurement volume arriving to refineries of the region via the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas transportation system. A considerable part of refineries in the maritime countries is located in close proximity to the oil port terminals. To develop efficient programs of crude oil supply to the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas, the infrastructural opportunities provided by these economic entities are studied in the paper. The findings reveal that the port infrastructure of states in the Atlantic, North and Baltic Seas region water area is able to receive VLCC class tankers. Using the quantitative analysis method, we review the developments in oil refining facilities and oil refining volumes in the region. We singled out the main groups of countries participating in the global oil market. Despite a drastic capacity loss of the regional refineries the total volume of oil refinery in the Atlantic, North and Baltic Seas has an upward trend. Development of this process will lead to an increase in imported oil flow and will provide an additional load of the region’s transport infrastructure.

 Electronic version


MAGAZINE №3 (80) June 2017


CATEGORY Logistic infrastructure Transportation in logistics Industrial companies’ corporate logistics


 The major market for crude oil, which is produced in the Caspian region, and petroleum products, produced at the southern refineries of Russia and CIS countries, is the South European countries market. The transport infrastructure of these countries for delivery of oil products to consumers is designed for sea supply. In this work special attention is paid to the condition and development of port terminals and transport systems connecting port tank farms with consumers of oil products. The main capacity of the oil industry in the south of Europe is concentrated in the most developed countries. The method of quantitative analysis is used to study the transport infrastructure possibilities and the production of petroleum products in this region under study. With the help of this method it is possible to establish the correspondence of the transport infrastructure possibilities with expected and existing freight flows. The analysis of the capabilities of oil refineries that consume crude oil in this region is given. The possibilities of enterprises providing reserve capacities of oil energy resources are considered. Based on the last decade data for the oil consumption and refining in the countries of the region, the tendencies of development of supply chains for the oil industry in the south of Europe are being investigated. The main regions of crude oil consumption are outlined, the prospects for the development of oil production in the countries of southeast Europe are shown. The presented analysis makes it possible to identify the most significant areas of southern Europe for the implementation of oil supply chains in the region, to build the most efficient cargo flows for shippers. 

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