MAGAZINE  №3 (98) June 2020

AUTHORS KOLOSOV A.M.

CATEGORY  Information technologies in logistics and SCM Simulation modelling Sourcing

 

ABSTRACT

The economic feasibility of using Blockchain technology in procurement procedures still raises a number of questions for managers and employees of companies that plan to implement this technology to solve the problems of departments involved in procurement activities. A number of Russian and foreign works devoted to application of Blockchain technology in the given direction in any way do not touch a question of economic substantiation of using this technology, though point at perspective of its application. The work reviews existing information decisions on the basis of Blockchain technology in the field of logistics and supply chain management and calculation of economic efficiency of Blockchain technology use at carrying out purchasing procedures by means of simulating the modeling process of purchases in AnyLogic software environment.

 

 Electronic version

 Keywords: Blockchain smartcontract procurement sourcing information technology simulation simulation modelling simulation model AnyLogic

Published in Sourcing

MAGAZINE  №5 (97) April 2020

AUTHORS TSEVELEV A.V.

CATEGORY  Service providers’ corporate logistics Logistic infrastructure Sourcing Inventory management

 

ABSTRACT

 The article presents and analyzes methodological and practical problems of forming and managing production stocks of railway transport. The relevance of scientific research requires finding points of "bifurcation" on the railway polygon in order to timely control, analyze and evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the planned logistics business process of logistics for railway transport enterprises according to the optimal scheme of inventory management. The paper deals with a range of specific issues of the system of rationing the material and technical resources consumption in JSC "Russian Railways"; the information base for the development and adjustment of consumption rates; issues of improving inventory management of material resources. A functional model of the process of managing the cost of losses in the logistics system associated with the absence and excess of inventory of MTR at the bases and warehouses of JSC "Russian Railways", as well as a logistics concept for managing production stocks at railway transport enterprises. The core of the problem in this issue is corporate governance in JSC "Russian Railways", internal control in the MTO system of railway transport by the presence or absence of material and technical resources in the reserves, aimed at effective management of business units.

 Electronic version

 Keywords: procurement railway transport logistics of railway transport stocks production stocks

MAGAZINE  №1 (96) February 2020

AUTHORS ALYAMOVSKAYA N.S., LEVINA T.V., ELYASHEVICH I.P.

CATEGORY  Analysis in logistics and SCM Analytics and reviews Sourcing Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM

 

ABSTRACT

The article presents the current state of digital procurement technologies adoption in Russia compared to other countries. Major implementation barriers are highlighted. The research is based on consulting companies’ surveys, scientific publications and other relevant sources. Thus, main problems companies face during digital transformation of procurement were grouped by six perspective factors: technologic, organizational, competence-based, methodical, opportunistic and regulatory factors.
In particular, authors note that even taking into account high popularity level of digital procurement, there is still no single position about defining which technologies should be treated as “digital”. Authors attempt to determine the set of these technologies correlating them with “end-to-end” digital technologies classified in Roadmap for digital technologies development in Russia. Special accent is laid on the fact that sourcing is not the subject of systematic research in Russia either for academic or for consulting fields.
Most of international research is conducted by suppliers/developers of IT-based solutions, by companies providing outsourcing and/or by consulting companies, which leads to doubt in objectivity of conclusions and recommendations resulting from the research.


The authors make conclusion about the most popular directions of procurement digitalization in Russia based on open access references analysis: press releases, media publications. The authors conclude that modern systematic development of methodology for “intellectual” filling of digital technologies is limited, namely in sourcing risk identification and assessment sphere, in event management, in reference models for operations algorithms, in what-if analysis, in controlling, in factor cost analysis, in behavior models for “supplier-client” interaction, etc. Besides, a huge gap between modern technologies functionality and procurement specialists’ skills and knowledge still exists. Finally, a low level of labor automatisation in procurement is Russia’s specific feature. This conclusion is supported by analysis of requirements for procurement positions candidates that was conducted by the authors. 

Electronic version

 Keywords: sourcing procurement digital technologies digital transformation digitalization

Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE  №5 (94) October 2019

AUTHORS ALYAMOVSKAYA N.S., VINOKUROVA V.O.

CATEGORY  Analysis in logistics and SCM Logistic integration and coordination Sourcing Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM

 

ABSTRACT


The article provides an overview of approaches for supplier segmentation: in particular, different matrices for evaluation (standard and modified) as well as maturity models and questionnaires. Therefore, the analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of these methods is carried out. It is concluded that most methods give only general recommendations that do not allow to make a decision on specific tools to improve relationships.
The authors develop a two-stage procedure for the suppliers' classification. The first stage is carried out based on ABC analysis and the second takes into account two synthesized criteria for evaluating purchased resources and suppliers, which, in particular, include the costs of switching to other resources, the product differentiation level and meeting planning key performance indicators by suppliers. A matrix for tool selection to improve suppliers' relationships in accordance with the results of their segmentation is developed.
This procedure is also tested on the example of a telecommunications company and some effects of implementing the selected tool are shown. The limitations associated with the use of the developed tool in practice are determined.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  supplier procurement purchasing Supplier Relationship Management supplier selection VMI EDI

Published in Sourcing

MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHOR KOLOSOV A.M.  - Postgraduate student, Department of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, National Research University Higher School of Economics (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Information technologies in logistics and SCM Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Sourcing

ABSTRACT

Today the increase in productivity and efficiency of the companies is directly connected with information technology development. Application of modern information technologies in logistics and supply chain management are needed to reduce costs and improve process efficiency. One of the most relevant directions in the field of logistics, in terms of process automation, is the purchasing activity of the companies. In relation to purchases, one of the most perspective technologies is the blockchain technology. Blockchain is a distributed database and the corresponding management system of current distributed database, by means of which the considered technology is implemented. This technology allows automating process of transactions in information systems of the companies by using smart contracts. It is declared, that use of this technology will allow to automate and optimize several processes related to purchases and other directions. However, the novelty of this technology creates some risks connected with the implementation of systems based on blockchain technology and lack of the legislative base. In this way, it is necessary to carry out the blockchain market status assessment and the analysis of risks and further perspectives of applying this technology. The article includes examples of the existing blockchain projects, considers analytical data of research about potential perspectives of technology and systematizes information about the possibility of use blockchain technology in purchasing activity of the companies. The analysis shows areas of purchasing activity where the use of blockchain technology is most justified, what problems need attention and what changes are happening in the blockchain market now. 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE №2 (79) April 2017

AUTHOR BURLAKOVA I.V. - Senior lecturer Department of Management Theory and Practice Graduate School of Economics and Management Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin (Yekaterinburg, Russia) 

CATEGORY  Sourcing

ABSTRACT

The supplier estimation and selection process is far from the TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) concept usage in many Russian companies. The majority of companies generally focus on the price, paying no attention to other significant for finances factors. In this article the correlation between the company’s procurement function maturity and the applied supplier estimation and selection methodology is provided. The widespread mistakes of typical methodologies usage are discussed. The recommendations for taking into account the maximum number of significant factors are given. Also, the ways for changing estimation models from one to another, more advanced, are mentioned. The conclusions about the different methods usage practicability on different companies’ evolution stages and the necessity of reconsidering and changing these methods with the companies’ increase and development in order to correspond with the global tendencies are made. 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

Published in Sourcing

MAGAZINE №6 (77) December 2016

AUTHOR  ELYASHEVICH I.P.

CATEGORY  Sourcing

ABSTRACT

The law on the contract system, which regulates the purchase of state and municipal sphere, admits the possibility of laying a centralized authority to determine the supplier to the specialized public authorities. Representing the interests of a group of subordinate organizations located in some geographical areas or operating in certain sectors of the economy, such "single customer" can perform a number of functions to be implemented at the moment consumers of material resources independently. For example, the collection of applications and consolidation, preparation and conduct of suppliers determination procedures, contracting, supply control, and so forth.

The volume of purchases by considered separately customers is disproportionately less than the consolidated need of companies from a certain sector of the economy, formed on the same resources. As a result, customers lose the opportunity to obtain wholesale discounts when placing large orders direct from the manufacturer. The lack of centralized control leads to the necessity of keeping the customers to own expense warehouses, paying for the additional handling and increasing the cost of warehouse processing in case of the disaggregation of batches.

The calculations were performed in comparable rates in the form of a feasibility study of the project, involving the formation of a centralized organ of management of material flows in the public sphere. To determine the period of return on investment, calculated simple payback period (payback period – PP).

The calculations given in the article show that the usage of logistic principles in the management of public and municipal procurement can achieve significant savings of budget funds that are allocated in a fairly limited quantities, given the current state of the economy. In addition, investments in fixed assets, which have to do with building infrastructure "single customers" pay off in a relatively short period of time.

 Keywords:  

Published in Sourcing

MAGAZINE №4 (75) August 2016

AUTHORS 

KUZIN D.A. - Cand.Tech.Sci., Associate Professor, Department of Production Management and Logistics National Research University Higher School of Economics (Nizhny Novgorod, Russia)

 

NEMCEVA E.A. - Researcher,Department of Production Management and Logistics National Research University Higher School of Economics (Nizhny Novgorod, Russia)

CATEGORY Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and supply chain management Sourcing 

ABSTRACT

The article describes the results of the application the "Lean Production" concept at the structural division of the telecommunications company «Vimpelcom», in order to increase the efficiency of procurement business processes. The relevance of the topic is specified by the needs of the local companies that are forced into difficult economic conditions to improve the efficiency of their activities not at the expense of investment, but a result of the organizational improvement. The concept of "Lean Production" is one of the currently available ways to reach this goal. The article elaborated Lean - measures aimed at improving the efficiency of the purchasing department and carried out assessment of the economic efficiency of their implementation. As a result, the value stream analysis suggested a simplified diagram of the procurement for special corporate credit cards for payments with the approved suppliers and a simplified speed control circuit, when the complexity of the procurement approval process is determined by the sum of the payment. The methodology for the rating of complex assessment of supplier performance is described according to the "Lean Production" concept.

The method and results of calculating economic efficiency of the four alternative options are given for the use of the resources dismissed as a result of Lean - reforms; in particular it is proved that the best alternative is the employment of the released purchasing department employees after retraining. A special reporting tool for lean production - Box Score, which allows considering not only the financial results, but calculating the degree of resources utilization (productive and nonproductive time e.g.), is applied for the first time in domestic practice.

 Keywords:  

Published in Sourcing

MAGAZINE №6 (71) December 2015

AUTHOR  BOCHKAREV A.A., BOCHKAREV P.A. 

CATEGORY Reliability and stability of the supply chain Sourcing Optimization and economic-mathematical modeling 

 

ABSTRACT

Recently several scientific works have been published, which suggested to apply methods of reliability theory in order to calculate the delivery reliability in supplies. This supply system is seen as a recovery system; as for the reliability of supply it is characterized by the availability function K a, and general indicator of supply reliability is the probability of failure-free supply P(t) at a given time τ for the entire study period (t, t+τ), which is calculated on the assumption that the failure rate λ(t) obeys an exponential distribution. The results of our studies show the failure rate λ(t) is generally a subject to a normal distribution, instead of an exponential distribution. And existing methods of calculating the delivery reliability in supplies do not take into account the non-stationary and discontinuity of supply disruptions. This paper proposes an improved method of calculating the delivery reliability in supplies, which allows non-stationarity as well as discontinuity of supply disruptions, therefore, more accurate data describing the reliability of suppliers is obtained.

 Keywords: 

MAGAZINE №5 (70) October 2015

AUTHOR ADRIANOVA T.R. - Сandidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Marketing and Project Management, National Research University Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology (Moscow, Russia)

CATEGORY  Controlling  Sourcing 

ABSTRACT

Increased interest in the development of effective activity for the department purchasing and procurement for industrial enterprises on the real sector of the economy brings increased demands on ordering key business processes. To solve this problem, the article considers comprehensive approach to the formation of the tasks and procedures, which   aimed to the development of the department.

The article carries out diagnostic of operational management profile and business processes of the purchasing and procurement department to reach regulating its activity.
In this article the approach to formalization and standardization activities in the field of purchasing and procurement for industrial enterprises was formulated based on modern organizational technologies. The procedures and examples of regulations of the activities of some machine-building industrial enterprises were presented as a part in the holding structures. It is also proposed a system of evaluation of procurement enterprises through key performance indicators (KPI).

It is expected that the proposed comprehensive approach to performance management in the field of purchasing and procurement for industrial enterprises needs to be considered inextricably in the overall system of formation of corporate standards for enterprises.

 Keywords:  

Published in Controlling
Page 1 of 2

Contacts

Postal address:

125 319  Chernуakhovskogo str.16

phone/fax (495) 771 32 58

Working with authors: Levina Tamara Vladimirovna

mob. 8-962-965-48-54

E-mail: levina-tamara@mail.ru

ISSN 2587-6775

Published since 2004

Journal's Indexing