MAGAZINE  №2 (97) April 2020

AUTHORS ASLAKHANOV A.R., GERAMI V.D.

CATEGORY  Inventory management Optimization and mathematical modelling Supply chain management

 

ABSTRACT

 In the theory of inventory management, various models of inventory management are widely known. All of them are based on two fundamental factors: order size and the time between two adjacent deliveries. The variety of additional conditions (discounts depending on the size of the delivery lot, penalties due to deficits, the volume of safety stock, etc.) make the task of developing a working model to minimize total costs extremely difficult. It is another factor that looks interesting - the multi-level structure of reserves allocation.
In (Aslakhanov A.R., 2017; Lukinskiy V.V., Aslakhanov A.R., 2017), an integrated inventory management model was developed that would take into account deficit costs, randomness of demand and logistics cycles duration, as well as a predetermined planned level of end-user service. The model was developed for cases of two-level supply chains, which is a serious limitation for applying the model in practice.
In this paper, the model will be expanded for the case of a three-level linear supply chains in order to assess the scalability potential of the developed model for business situations and to assess the possibility of using the developed model in conjunction with reinforcement learning methods.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  inventory management Economic order quantity safety stock supply chain management total logistics costs

Published in Inventory management
Wednesday, 05 February 2020 21:38

Recycling of clothes in sustainable supply chains

MAGAZINE  №6 (95) December 2019

AUTHORS Lakhno Y.V.

CATEGORY  Industrial companies’ corporate logistics Supply chains reliability and sustainability Return flows management (reverse logistics) Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM

 

 

ABSTRACT

 A significant increase in clothing production, following the optimization of the largest brands supply chains, has led to modern consumers considering the cheapest items of clothing almost disposable. Clothing production, especially from synthetic fibers, leaves a significant environmental footprint, and as a result of the accumulation of things in landfills, environmental pollution has increased markedly. In recent years, in order to remain valuable to consumers, corporations managing the largest fashion supply chains have become more environmentally, socially and business friendly. The growing population and the ingrained need for new fashion items make it necessary to further study the issues of sustainable development of clothing supply chains.
The article is devoted to the study of best practices in the field of clothing recycling management that allow minimizing the negative impact on the environment.
The following issues were researched: to consider measures taken in various countries to reduce clothing dumps, to identify the composition of partners involved in operations for collecting, sorting and processing material flows in the supply chains of fashion clothing; to analyze the experience of major global corporations in involving buyers in clothing processing; to identify problems and prospects for the development of the practice of processing clothing flows in the supply chains.
The following results of Russian and foreign researchers were used as theoretical and methodological basis of the study: first, the diversity of participants in the fashion industry, as well as the increasing scale of the problem of landfills and waste, indicate the need to use a systematic approach to problem-solving; second, modern supply chains do not develop without being transparent, which is provided by digital technologies; third, to ensure sustainable development, companies create closed supply chains, which involves re-designing supply chains and improving the efficiency of return flow management.
The empirical base of the study was made up of the experience of companies included in the Gartner rating of the 25 largest supply chains in 2019, materials from clothing manufacturers ' associations and international analytical companies.
The paper differentiates partners involved in the processing of clothing, identifies areas of use of new technologies that contribute to the processing of second-hand items. Based on the analysis, measures that allow developing the practice of closed supply chains in the fashion industry were identified. The paper concludes that recycling is still an expensive and complex process in the organization, leading to companies finding solutions for the reuse of clothing, giving it a fashionable appearance; ecological design is given more significance when the technology of clothes processing is laid down at the stage of creating clothes.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  supply chain management, closed-loop supply chain management, recycling, return flows, industry 4.0

MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS DEMIN A.S. 

CATEGORY Logistic integration and coordination Human resource management and motivation

ABSTRACT

Logistics occupies an important role in the organizational structure of modern business management. With the transition to the concept of supply chain management (SCM), its responsibilities also include coordinating functions. On the other hand, SCM is a critical area for multinational corporations with enough market power. This article aims to bring together scientific knowledge in the field of organizational design of multinational corporations (MNC) and the construction of organizational structures for logistics management.

A key feature of designing the organizational structure of logistics management in MNCs is the increased importance of national culture. This is confirmed by the articles on the role of the human factor in the SCM. Besides, other articles show the influence of the national culture criteria on the practices of crossfunctional coordination. In this regard, it is important not only to understand the peculiarities of national cultures, but also to be able to use them when implementing SCM practices, in other words, to be culturally intelligent. The article demonstrated the possibility of considering these characteristics both in theoretical terms and in practice, using an illustrative example of a large MNC. In addition, the specificity of the divisional organizational management structure development was demonstrated, where, on the one hand, both regional and product specificities are considered, on the other, the principle of dual subordination is absent. The developed methodology seems to be effective as it expands the knowledge of the manager responsible for building a rational organizational structure for managing logistics.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS ALYMOVSKAYA N.S., LEVINA T.V. 

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Return flows management (reverse logistics)

ABSTRACT

In the theory and practice of logistics and supply chain management, more and more attention is paid to return flows management. There are a sufficiently large number of research works that has been devoted to the reverse logistics of goods: there are many technologies and best practices that have been successfully implemented. 
As for the tasks of managing returns of transport items and packaging, they have been left outside the scope of experts' attention for a long time. Recently, the activity of advertising campaigns for pulling and pallets rental has increased in Russia. Some companies (mainly in manufacturing and trading sectors of FMCG) are going to implement, are already implementing or reporting substantial savings from projects for organizing container return management. Nevertheless, there are still many gaps for researchers and business community. 
The article provides an overview of recent publications on the returnable containers management, analyzes terminology in this area, identifies and analyzes the main strategies for managing return flows of containers.

The study shows that the issues of transport items return management have not received adequate coverage in Russian scientific and business literature. Moreover, despite the variety of foreign studies there is no basic terminology in this field and systematization of supply chain configuration alternatives. In addition, fragmentation of information in open sources about the practice of implementing / operating transport items management systems in Russian business makes it relevant to conduct research on this topic.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS DYBSKAYA V.V.SERGEEV V.I.SERGEEV I.V.

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Retail companies’ corporate logistics Information technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

The article is devoted to actual problems of digitalization in the network retail industry. The role of supply chain management (SCM) in network retail is shown, and attention is focused on key trends in SCM, many of which are associated with the digital transformation of supply chains. The best practices in the field of digitalization of supply chains of industrial and commercial enterprises are analyzed. In particular, the article considers the experience of digital transformations of large world corporations supply chains, such as HP and Nokia, as well as the analytical reports of the leading consultants in SCM companies Gartner, Deloitte and Accenture on digitalization of enterprises in various sectors of the economy.

Based on the analysis, key trends in retail digitalization were identified and methodological approaches to the transformation of a conventional chain retailer's supply chain into digital were identified. The main digital technologies used today in Russia by network retail operators are identified.

A methodological approach to the digital transformation of the supply chain of a network retailer based on process (SCOR) modeling is proposed. Using the example of the largest network retailers of the Russian Federation, Magnit, X5 Retail Group, and M. Video companies, a SCOR model of a typical supply chain of a retail chain enterprise is constructed, based on which a possible list of digital technologies, systems and devices corresponding to each process in determined models. 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE  №2 (91) April 2019

AUTHOR LAKHNO Y.V. - Cand. of Eс. Sc, Associate professor, Commerce and Logistics Department, Rostov State University of Economics (Rostov on Don, Russia)

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Supply chains reliability and sustainability Green Logistics& Supply Chain

ABSTRACT

The development of supply chains of the largest automakers is accompanied by an increase in the contribution of suppliers to the finished product and at the same time increasing the complexity of building sustainable supply chains. The purpose of the research is to study the experience of the largest automakers in terms of the organization of work with suppliers in accordance with the principles of sustainable development. The article discusses the criteria for selecting suppliers as an element of a sustainable supply chain. The evaluation procedure of the development potential of the provider in accordance with the principles of sustainable development is considered based on the analysis of the report on sustainable development of the companies of automobile manufacturers. Inconsistencies in the activities of suppliers to the principles of sustainable development are considered. Areas of work with suppliers aimed at stimulating the development of their responsible attitude to the environment, society and business partners are differentiated. The mechanism of work with suppliers in a sustainable supply chain of the automakers. The importance of digital technologies for the organization of sustainable supply chains is shown. An analytical study of the compliance of the criteria for selection of suppliers and the stages of development of logistics integration in the supply chain allowed to propose a hierarchy of criteria for selecting a supplier, where the criteria of a higher level cause changes in the criteria at the lower levels.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE  №2 (91) April 2019

AUTHOR DEMIN A.S. 

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Supply chain management

ABSTRACT

In the context of globalization of the world economy, multinational corporations are attracting more and more attention, since their activities create a significant part of the global trade. However, the specifics of supply chain management (SCM) in such companies receive insufficient attention, and the rules and recommendations are largely based on the classical principles of the SCM theory. However, there is a specificity of working in a cross-cultural environment when counterparties you work with represent different countries. This article is devoted to an overview of the development of SCM in various regions of the world and methods of reengineering of multinational corporations’ business processes due to the regional differences. The article firstly provides a literature review on the regional specifics of the development of logistics and SCM; secondly, shows an example of the supply chain negotiation process differences, depending on the nationality of the counterparty; thirdly, describes a tool for taking regional factors into account when engineering key business processes in the supply chain. The article demonstrates the structure of the «Guidelines for Supply Chain Management in a Cross-Cultural Environment» – a decision support tool for a SCM manager of international level.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHORS 

GRIGORIEV M.N. - Cand. of Eng. Sc., professor, Department of Economics, organization and production management, Baltic State Technical University «VOENMEH» named after D.F. Ustinov (St. Petersburg, Russia)

UVAROV S.A. - Doctor of Economics, Professor, Department of Trade and Goods Management,  St. Petersburg State University of Economics  (St. Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY  Global logistics projects Logistic infrastructure

ABSTRACT

The article is devoted to the topical problems of the wide development of the Arctic zone of the planet by the Russian Federation; these problems are of great importance in the context of increasing international competition and tightening economic sanctions against Russia by the EU, Canada and the United States. The prospect of a kind of revolution in global logistics has long attracted the attention of the Arctic States, whose borders are relatively far from the Arctic circle. We are talking primarily about China, India, Japan, South Korea, Singapore etc. (a total of 12 countries), that today have the status of permanent observers of the Arctic Council. The directions of scientific research and practical projects of these countries in the Arctic are analyzed.

In these circumstances, Russia faces the task of protecting the Arctic region as a national resource base and transport artery in an economically feasible way, relying on the capabilities of modern logistics. The current situation in the world requires our country, first of all, to strengthen its power capabilities in the Arctic region. However, this should be implemented with the help of innovative logistics technologies, seeking to improve the economic efficiency of the problem. Innovative Russian logistics technologies that can significantly enhance the competitive potential of Russia in the Arctic region are considered. The supply chain management (SCM) paradigm is proposed as a methodological basis which provides for the achievement of the intended result not only and not so much the intensive use of existing ones, but also the ability to constantly produce new competitive advantages. The authors ' proposals will contribute to the growth of domestic oil quotes in the European markets, to the activation of domestic and foreign investments in the construction of the Northern sea route, will strengthen the economic and national security of the country

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHOR SERGEEV V.I.

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Education in Logistics and SCM Human resource management and motivation

ABSTRACT

 The article systematically covers and analyses methodological and practical problems in relation to a new specialization of “Logistics and supply chain management”. The article considers a wide range of issues connected with the main activity of logisticians and experts in supply chain management (SCM); with prestige of the profession / specialization; with opportunities of self-improvement, career development and alumni employment; as well as with supplementary post-graduate education. The article reveals advantages of using innovative (digital) technologies, information and computer-based systems and software products. The role of School of Logistics and the International Centre of Training in Logistics in establishment and development of this prospective specialization in Russia is shown.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

MAGAZINE №4(87) August 2018

AUTHORS 

LUKINSKIY V.S.

SEROVA E.G. - Cand. of Ec. Sc., Associate Professor Management Department, National Research University Higher School of Economics (St. Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Information technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

Success of any logistics enterprise in the context of digital economy progress directly depends on regular and effective innovations in the area of improving analytical applications and information systems in such actively developing fields of knowledge as strategic management, distribution networks development, and supply chain management. In an attempt to ensure a sustainable economic circumstance under conditions of strong competition, the most perspective companies are increasingly focusing on the development and introduction of modern methods and tools for intelligent data analysis. The article focuses on the consideration of issues related to the use of modern simulation approaches and such components of the soft computing concept as neural networks, fuzzy logic and evolutionary computations in solving problems of multifunctional logistics and supply chain management.

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  

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