MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS DEMIN A.S. 

CATEGORY Logistic integration and coordination Human resource management and motivation

ABSTRACT

Logistics occupies an important role in the organizational structure of modern business management. With the transition to the concept of supply chain management (SCM), its responsibilities also include coordinating functions. On the other hand, SCM is a critical area for multinational corporations with enough market power. This article aims to bring together scientific knowledge in the field of organizational design of multinational corporations (MNC) and the construction of organizational structures for logistics management.

A key feature of designing the organizational structure of logistics management in MNCs is the increased importance of national culture. This is confirmed by the articles on the role of the human factor in the SCM. Besides, other articles show the influence of the national culture criteria on the practices of crossfunctional coordination. In this regard, it is important not only to understand the peculiarities of national cultures, but also to be able to use them when implementing SCM practices, in other words, to be culturally intelligent. The article demonstrated the possibility of considering these characteristics both in theoretical terms and in practice, using an illustrative example of a large MNC. In addition, the specificity of the divisional organizational management structure development was demonstrated, where, on the one hand, both regional and product specificities are considered, on the other, the principle of dual subordination is absent. The developed methodology seems to be effective as it expands the knowledge of the manager responsible for building a rational organizational structure for managing logistics.

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MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS ALYMOVSKAYA N.S., LEVINA T.V. 

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Return flows management (reverse logistics)

ABSTRACT

In the theory and practice of logistics and supply chain management, more and more attention is paid to return flows management. There are a sufficiently large number of research works that has been devoted to the reverse logistics of goods: there are many technologies and best practices that have been successfully implemented. 
As for the tasks of managing returns of transport items and packaging, they have been left outside the scope of experts' attention for a long time. Recently, the activity of advertising campaigns for pulling and pallets rental has increased in Russia. Some companies (mainly in manufacturing and trading sectors of FMCG) are going to implement, are already implementing or reporting substantial savings from projects for organizing container return management. Nevertheless, there are still many gaps for researchers and business community. 
The article provides an overview of recent publications on the returnable containers management, analyzes terminology in this area, identifies and analyzes the main strategies for managing return flows of containers.

The study shows that the issues of transport items return management have not received adequate coverage in Russian scientific and business literature. Moreover, despite the variety of foreign studies there is no basic terminology in this field and systematization of supply chain configuration alternatives. In addition, fragmentation of information in open sources about the practice of implementing / operating transport items management systems in Russian business makes it relevant to conduct research on this topic.

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MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS DYBSKAYA V.V.SERGEEV V.I.SERGEEV I.V.

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Retail companies’ corporate logistics Information technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

The article is devoted to actual problems of digitalization in the network retail industry. The role of supply chain management (SCM) in network retail is shown, and attention is focused on key trends in SCM, many of which are associated with the digital transformation of supply chains. The best practices in the field of digitalization of supply chains of industrial and commercial enterprises are analyzed. In particular, the article considers the experience of digital transformations of large world corporations supply chains, such as HP and Nokia, as well as the analytical reports of the leading consultants in SCM companies Gartner, Deloitte and Accenture on digitalization of enterprises in various sectors of the economy.

Based on the analysis, key trends in retail digitalization were identified and methodological approaches to the transformation of a conventional chain retailer's supply chain into digital were identified. The main digital technologies used today in Russia by network retail operators are identified.

A methodological approach to the digital transformation of the supply chain of a network retailer based on process (SCOR) modeling is proposed. Using the example of the largest network retailers of the Russian Federation, Magnit, X5 Retail Group, and M. Video companies, a SCOR model of a typical supply chain of a retail chain enterprise is constructed, based on which a possible list of digital technologies, systems and devices corresponding to each process in determined models. 

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Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE  №2 (91) April 2019

AUTHOR LAKHNO Y.V. - Cand. of Eс. Sc, Associate professor, Commerce and Logistics Department, Rostov State University of Economics (Rostov on Don, Russia)

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Supply chains reliability and sustainability Green Logistics& Supply Chain

ABSTRACT

The development of supply chains of the largest automakers is accompanied by an increase in the contribution of suppliers to the finished product and at the same time increasing the complexity of building sustainable supply chains. The purpose of the research is to study the experience of the largest automakers in terms of the organization of work with suppliers in accordance with the principles of sustainable development. The article discusses the criteria for selecting suppliers as an element of a sustainable supply chain. The evaluation procedure of the development potential of the provider in accordance with the principles of sustainable development is considered based on the analysis of the report on sustainable development of the companies of automobile manufacturers. Inconsistencies in the activities of suppliers to the principles of sustainable development are considered. Areas of work with suppliers aimed at stimulating the development of their responsible attitude to the environment, society and business partners are differentiated. The mechanism of work with suppliers in a sustainable supply chain of the automakers. The importance of digital technologies for the organization of sustainable supply chains is shown. An analytical study of the compliance of the criteria for selection of suppliers and the stages of development of logistics integration in the supply chain allowed to propose a hierarchy of criteria for selecting a supplier, where the criteria of a higher level cause changes in the criteria at the lower levels.

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MAGAZINE  №2 (91) April 2019

AUTHOR DEMIN A.S. 

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Supply chain management

ABSTRACT

In the context of globalization of the world economy, multinational corporations are attracting more and more attention, since their activities create a significant part of the global trade. However, the specifics of supply chain management (SCM) in such companies receive insufficient attention, and the rules and recommendations are largely based on the classical principles of the SCM theory. However, there is a specificity of working in a cross-cultural environment when counterparties you work with represent different countries. This article is devoted to an overview of the development of SCM in various regions of the world and methods of reengineering of multinational corporations’ business processes due to the regional differences. The article firstly provides a literature review on the regional specifics of the development of logistics and SCM; secondly, shows an example of the supply chain negotiation process differences, depending on the nationality of the counterparty; thirdly, describes a tool for taking regional factors into account when engineering key business processes in the supply chain. The article demonstrates the structure of the «Guidelines for Supply Chain Management in a Cross-Cultural Environment» – a decision support tool for a SCM manager of international level.

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Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHORS 

GRIGORIEV M.N. - Cand. of Eng. Sc., professor, Department of Economics, organization and production management, Baltic State Technical University «VOENMEH» named after D.F. Ustinov (St. Petersburg, Russia)

UVAROV S.A. - Doctor of Economics, Professor, Department of Trade and Goods Management,  St. Petersburg State University of Economics  (St. Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY  Global logistics projects Logistic infrastructure

ABSTRACT

The article is devoted to the topical problems of the wide development of the Arctic zone of the planet by the Russian Federation; these problems are of great importance in the context of increasing international competition and tightening economic sanctions against Russia by the EU, Canada and the United States. The prospect of a kind of revolution in global logistics has long attracted the attention of the Arctic States, whose borders are relatively far from the Arctic circle. We are talking primarily about China, India, Japan, South Korea, Singapore etc. (a total of 12 countries), that today have the status of permanent observers of the Arctic Council. The directions of scientific research and practical projects of these countries in the Arctic are analyzed.

In these circumstances, Russia faces the task of protecting the Arctic region as a national resource base and transport artery in an economically feasible way, relying on the capabilities of modern logistics. The current situation in the world requires our country, first of all, to strengthen its power capabilities in the Arctic region. However, this should be implemented with the help of innovative logistics technologies, seeking to improve the economic efficiency of the problem. Innovative Russian logistics technologies that can significantly enhance the competitive potential of Russia in the Arctic region are considered. The supply chain management (SCM) paradigm is proposed as a methodological basis which provides for the achievement of the intended result not only and not so much the intensive use of existing ones, but also the ability to constantly produce new competitive advantages. The authors ' proposals will contribute to the growth of domestic oil quotes in the European markets, to the activation of domestic and foreign investments in the construction of the Northern sea route, will strengthen the economic and national security of the country

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MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHOR SERGEEV V.I.

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Education in Logistics and SCM Human resource management and motivation

ABSTRACT

 The article systematically covers and analyses methodological and practical problems in relation to a new specialization of “Logistics and supply chain management”. The article considers a wide range of issues connected with the main activity of logisticians and experts in supply chain management (SCM); with prestige of the profession / specialization; with opportunities of self-improvement, career development and alumni employment; as well as with supplementary post-graduate education. The article reveals advantages of using innovative (digital) technologies, information and computer-based systems and software products. The role of School of Logistics and the International Centre of Training in Logistics in establishment and development of this prospective specialization in Russia is shown.

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MAGAZINE №4(87) August 2018

AUTHORS 

LUKINSKIY V.S.

SEROVA E.G. - Cand. of Ec. Sc., Associate Professor Management Department, National Research University Higher School of Economics (St. Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Information technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

Success of any logistics enterprise in the context of digital economy progress directly depends on regular and effective innovations in the area of improving analytical applications and information systems in such actively developing fields of knowledge as strategic management, distribution networks development, and supply chain management. In an attempt to ensure a sustainable economic circumstance under conditions of strong competition, the most perspective companies are increasingly focusing on the development and introduction of modern methods and tools for intelligent data analysis. The article focuses on the consideration of issues related to the use of modern simulation approaches and such components of the soft computing concept as neural networks, fuzzy logic and evolutionary computations in solving problems of multifunctional logistics and supply chain management.

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MAGAZINE №4(87) August 2018

AUTHORS MOROZOVA Y.A.

CATEGORY Analysis in logistics and SCM Information technologies in logistics and SCM

 

ABSTRACT

Currently, a company’s competitiveness largely depends on how it exploits the opportunities offered by modern information technologies. The Internet of things, big data, blockchain, artificial intelligence technologies - all of this brings companies to a new level of interaction and competition, gives new opportunities to build logistics processes, adjusts supply chain management. It is common knowledge that an important factor of success in the market is information awareness, or rather possession of knowledge. The development of Internet technologies and mobile devices made it possible to register almost all events: a visit to a store, a purchase, a trip, a meeting, etc. Information about these and other events is often in free access in the form of text messages in social networks, blogs, news websites, but the problem is to find, to analyze, and to draw conclusions. Text mining tools help to solve these tasks. The article reviews the experience of using text mining tools to solve problems in management, marketing, finance spheres, discusses possible applications of text mining in logistics and supply chain management. The article describes the process, main typical text mining tasks, and reviews the functionalities of modern text mining tools.

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MAGAZINE №2(85) April 2018

AUTHOR Kornienko P.A. - Graduate student, National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia)

CATEGORY Information technologies in logistics and SCM Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

 Today Blockchain technology is one of the breakthrough innovations that changes modern business and can bring it to a new level. Supply chain management (SCM) is one of the areas where this technology can manifest itself in the best possible light. Blockchain is designed to solve one of the most pressing issues of the SCM – ensuring the necessary level of transparency of the chain for all its participants. Every day, business increasingly faces the problem of counterfeiting, complicated document management or the problem of low-quality raw materials, in particular, in food industry. All these problems are a direct consequence of the lack of transparency required by the various scammers and attackers. Blockchain is a distributed and reliable data storage technology designed to solve the problems mentioned above. In this system, all participants have the same rights and access to information, and the system itself works through smart contracts that provide trust between participants. This paper examines the works of various authors and identifies the benefits of Blockchain technology and its application in SCM. In addition, successful examples of the use of this technology in business will be considered.

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