MAGAZINE №4(87) August 2018

AUTHORS STRIMOVSKAYA A.V.BAZHINA D.B.  

CATEGORY  Controlling

ABSTRACT

Among logistic management issues nowadays the most urgent one is the problem of method choice for assessing supply chain efficiency performance indexes. Mostly, that could be explained by fragmented nature of conducted research works among Russian and foreign experts.   Herewith the lapse of any united analytical and methodological basis for conducting calculations complicates the efficiency assessment task and deprives it of almost any economic sense, because, in our opinion, application of comparing methods or just orientation to an «ideal» performance in the industry do not fully correlate with criteria of accuracy and adequacy of numeric examples.

The paper contains analysis of the leading research works devoted to the problem of developing efficiency assessment methods for supply chains; proposes ways of developing existing approaches considering analytical models and methods; provides sample calculations.  

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Published in Controlling
Wednesday, 02 January 2019 20:45

Intellectual Supply Chain Creation

MAGAZINE №4(87) August 2018

AUTHORS KOREPIN V.

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Information technologies in logistics and SCM Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

This article examines main influence of the Fourth industrial revolution announced in 2011 and of a lot of new technologies penetrating everyday life on existing processes in supply chain management and on its future development. The article reviews components of intelligent supply chains which are divided into two unequal groups: revolutionary and evolutionary technologies. The former ones are Internet of things, machine learning, 3d printing, blockchain, artificial intelligence and bots -all of which radically change the logic of supply chain work. The second group – evolutionary technologies – is more about successfully developing graphic technologies and functional organization of a workplace. The article mainly focuses on the first group. As a result, the article concludes that all these technologies closely intersect, which forms additional synergic effect of their contact; and that functions and responsibilities of an expert of supply chain management in a company should be thoroughly revised.  

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MAGAZINE №2(85) April 2018

AUTHOR Levina T.V.

CATEGORY Analysis in logistics and SCM Supply chain planning

ABSTRACT

The task of diagnostics of supply chain processes with the purpose to determine reserves and prospects of efficiency increase is the most time-consuming stage of strategic planning requiring accumulation and systematization of large amount of diverse information. Alongside with this, there are not many complex methods that could allow to implement the strategic planning cycle providing at the same time objective conclusions. One of these methods is the diagnostics of supply chain processes using supply chain operations reference model (SCOR model). The article provides analysis of publications devoted to problems when using SCOR; shows the main problems of the method interpretation and its application peculiarities. Also, the article suggests a procedure of supply chain processes diagnostics with SCOR model; the stages of this procedure are supported with an example. The article reveals that consistent implementation of the described stages allows to significantly simplify the procedure of supply chains strategic analysis providing at the same time consistency and reasonability of the decisions taken.  

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MAGAZINE №1(84) February 2018

AUTHORS GUSEV D.A.MAZUNINA О.А.FEL A.V.

CATEGORY  Optimization and mathematical modelling Sourcing 

ABSTRACT

 Consideration of the supply chain from the point of view of objective understanding as a set of individuals and legal entities, interacting specifically and precisely in material, financial and information flows, presupposes the availability of a tool for fixing the rules for interaction of such parties. Such a tool already exists, it is a contract / agreement / agreement of the parties. It is the contract model of the supply chain that is of great importance in the process of value formation of the product, as it can be considered as a legal documental basis for mutual arrangements for the supply chain. Contract management tasks in the supply chain in terms of the optimal contract model choice are formalized it the paper for the first time as decision-making tasks under many criteria. This format of models allows to consider risks that can be formalized in the form of separate individual criteria. It is shown that a dimensionality phenomenon is associated with problems of this type which can be eliminated on the basis of a transition to new formats for the presentation of estimates of particular criteria: 1) the format of generalized selection criteria; 2) to the standardized form of the problem of choice. For both approaches, tasks of multicriteria choice of the contract model are formalized.

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MAGAZINE №1(84) February 2018

AUTHOR SOLODOVNIKOV V.V.

CATEGORY  Supply chain planning Industrial companies’ corporate logistics

ABSTRACT

This article is a continuation of the series of articles devoted to the creation of industry-specific practical methodology of supply chain planning of industrial enterprises (on the example of iron and steel complexes).

The article presents the results of a survey of the process of operational planning of supply chains for metallurgical enterprises. Based on the analysis of the processes of SCOR and GSCF the following is proposed: an improved operational planning process of supply chains; the method based on the organization process of independent planning of the various supply chain stages in parallel which allows to avoid the situation of unintentional and irrevocable removal of proposals of different planners; a special synchronization algorithm for the plans of various planners. The paper examines the issues of sustainability and risks of the plans.

Scientific survey is based on fundamental and applied developments of domestic and foreign scientists in the field of economic theory, management theory, logistics theory and supply chain management, methods of mathematical modeling, business process modeling methodology, system analysis, operations research and expert evaluation methods.

The study results reveal deficiencies of the description of the operational planning of the supply chain in SCOR and GSCF; suggests an improved process and method of operational planning. In conclusion, an example of successful implementation of the developed approach at TimkenSteel is given.

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Published in Supply chain planning

MAGAZINE №1(84) February 2018

AUTHOR Korneeva O.N. - Marketing director, LLC PayOnline (Moscow, Russia)

CATEGORY Transportation in logistics Analytics and reviews Industrial companies’ corporate logistics

ABSTRACT

One of the significant conditions of oil and gas industry development is the steady sale of production including its cheap and reliable transportation to the consumer. Taking into account the fact that oil and gas are used primarily in the energy sector, the reliability of supplies is in priority. This determines construction and development of the pipeline network as the most efficient way to deliver hydrocarbons to customers. But due to remoteness of the construction site from suppliers such activities are connected with a number of difficulties. In addition, this process includes development of new territories characterized by unique natural, climatic, geographical, demographic, environmental and other factors that impose additional requirements and complicate the project logistics, contributing uncertainties affecting the project time frame and budget.

This article discusses the methodology of sequential optimization of construction logistics of the main gas pipeline. Considerable attention is paid to mathematical modeling and selection of a supply chain management model. A substantial part is devoted to practical modeling of transport logistics supplying a large-diameter pipe to the head section of the "Siberia Power".

The work shows that according to the results of the analysis and supply chain modeling, it is possible to optimize the logistics budget of the construction site by 10% of the total logistics costs of the project. Also, the article highlights the importance of the risk component caused by the peculiarities of each individual construction site and uncertainty factors that can vary at different stages of the project in different ways, which makes it impossible to use linear dependencies for their forecasting and leads to a spasmodic increase in risks. So, one of the few effective methods for predicting deviations is a scenario analysis based on a multifactor model. 

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MAGAZINE №1(84) February 2018

AUTHOR KLEPIKOV V.P. 

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Industrial companies’ corporate logistics Logistic infrastructure Transportation in logistics

ABSTRACT

The typical feature of the oil market of the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas is significant prevalence of imported raw materials over domestic oil refining, and the oil production dynamics over the past few years does not suggest a significant production growth in the future. This circumstance determines specific features of the logistics of oil transportation to the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas refineries. Availability of Druzhba’s oil pipeline system enables to use the trunk pipelines for Russian oil supply to regional refineries without a marine pass, which makes the process independent on weather conditions. So oil supplies via Druzhba are crucial for the region.

Marine oil transportation to the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas market has a number of advantages. That is why refineries in many countries have crude oil supplied via European oil trunk pipelines that receive oil via marine port terminals. The paper describes the transport infrastructure of oil pipelines sea terminals, shows modern distribution of oil refining facilities in the European continent, and studies the procurement volume arriving to refineries of the region via the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas transportation system. A considerable part of refineries in the maritime countries is located in close proximity to the oil port terminals. To develop efficient programs of crude oil supply to the Atlantic region, the North and Baltic Seas, the infrastructural opportunities provided by these economic entities are studied in the paper. The findings reveal that the port infrastructure of states in the Atlantic, North and Baltic Seas region water area is able to receive VLCC class tankers. Using the quantitative analysis method, we review the developments in oil refining facilities and oil refining volumes in the region. We singled out the main groups of countries participating in the global oil market. Despite a drastic capacity loss of the regional refineries the total volume of oil refinery in the Atlantic, North and Baltic Seas has an upward trend. Development of this process will lead to an increase in imported oil flow and will provide an additional load of the region’s transport infrastructure.

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MAGAZINE №3(86) June 2018

AUTHOR NOVIKOV V.E.

CATEGORY   Information technologies in logistics and SCM  Retail companies’ corporate logistics

ABSTRACT

The article examines topical issues of information and analytical solutions for assessing the management affect on the functioning of retail network operators supply chains in order to increase the profitability of the business. For this purpose, special attention is paid to the use of visual analytics information systems, Visual Data Discovery (VDD).

 It is crucial to note the importance of creating a harmonious man-machine complex, providing a synergetic effect in improving the efficiency of supply chain management of the logistics network.

 Solutions are suggested for   a number of analytical tasks to identify trends in the functioning of supply chains, as well as the assessment of control effects on the logistics network using matrix methods of analysis is proposed.

The purpose of the work is developing solutions for the creation of human-machine complexes of information and analytical decision support in the supply chain management of retail network companies.

According to the author, in modern conditions, it is extremely difficult to achieve high-quality supply chain management, and as a result, it is difficult to create competitive advantages of a company without information and analytical support for the management of logistics processes in a network trading company.

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MAGAZINE №3(86) June 2018

AUTHOR KALUZHSKY M.L. - Cand.of Phil. Sc., Assistant professor, Faculty of Economics and Management, Omsk State Technical University (Omsk, Russia)

CATEGORY  Analytics and reviews Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Supply chain management

ABSTRACT

The virtualization of the market has provoked a change not only in the market environment, but also in the institutions of logistics and other applied disciplines (marketing, management, etc.).  These changes are global in character, determining the institutional transformation of markets, regardless of the participants’ and regulators’ will .  Their appearance is due to external causes, so they are difficult to interpret within traditional endogenous methodology of logistics management.  Therefore, the exogenous approach was used as a methodological basis for the study.  The object of analysis was the production of consumer goods as the primary source of network commodity circulation and associated logistics processes.

In the network economy, logistics has become one of the most transformable spheres of economic activity.  Today, the theory lags behind practice.  Logistical innovations spontaneously arise under the influence of consumer demand and market conditions.  They underlie the competitive advantages of market leaders, but only become common property after the loss of their innovativeness.  Then the secrets of market leaders are revealed, spread and innovations become part of the theory.

The main result of the study is the justification of the thesis that in the virtual market conditions the priorities of logistics management are fundamentally changing.  Consumers from an object of market influence are transformed into its subject, taking away this role from sellers, defining parameters and setting the framework for market offers.  The logistics model, in which the logistics chain triggers a management decision, gives way to a model where consumer demand is the source of the launch of logistic processes. Four key factors determine the institutional transformation of logistics: virtualization of markets, transactional competition, sales customerization and logistics providers.  The new reality requires a revision of the fundamentals of the theory of logistics.  This is due to the fact that in institutional practice, institutional changes already determine the competitiveness of the subjects of the virtual market. 

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MAGAZINE №3(86) June 2018

AUTHORS  

STRIMOVSKAYA A.V.

BAZHINA D.B.  

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Controlling Transportation in logistics

ABSTRACT

 Transport efficiency assessment today is an important issue of modern logistics management. According to the summarizing of different literature sources, transportation occupies the biggest part of total logistics costs.  The challenge of designing efficiency transportation indices deserves special attention. Hereby some questions still need consideration, such as what an assessment system should look like? What issues should be considered while conducting analysis of transportation activity? Is there any complex of assessment indices that could be proposed? The article attempts to answer all these and other questions of logistics management based on works of Russian and foreign researchers. The article will be useful for scientists and specialists dealing with efficiency assessment issues

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Published in Controlling
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