MAGAZINE  №4 (93) August 2019

AUTHORS 

KLOCHKO O.A. 

GRIGOROVA A.A. - Assistant World Economics Department National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia

CATEGORY Analytics and reviews Supply chain management

 

ABSTRACT

Supply chains developed through participation of foreign suppliers exert considerable influence on countries’ insertion into global value chains (GVCs). Close relationship between supply and value chains makes it possible to use statistical data on GVCs to get complex picture of supply chain dynamics in various economic sectors. The ultimate goal of the research is to uncover and explain specifics of supply chains development in leading oil refining exporting countries based on the value-added statistics.

Analysis of countries’ backward participation in GVCs allows to understand development as well as industrial and regional structure of supply chains, into which national producers integrate as buyers of components. Leading oil refining exporters demonstrate different levels of national production dependence on foreign suppliers. The main factor that influences globalization of supply chains is a presence of advanced oil production industry in the country. World leading oil producers, Saudi Arabia and Russia, depend on foreign supplies to a minimum extent. USA, which are currently intensively expanding oil extraction, reduce offshore deliveries of resources. India and the Netherlands with low oil production volumes as well as Singapore and Korea with no oil extraction at all are forced to supply oil and other oil refining components – chemicals, equipment, machinery, from abroad.

Countries’ forward participation in GVCs together with the statistics on origin of value added in final demand allows to conduct analysis of national companies’ participation in foreign producers’ global supply chains as sellers of components. From geographical point of view consumption of oil refining products, supplied by leading oil refining exporters to the international market, is concentrated in the domestic regions of the countries. This fact indicates the regional character of global supply chains. Supplies of oil refining from the Netherlands and Russia show the highest degree of regionalization, while supplies from the USA and India the lowest. The sectoral consumption of oil refining shows similar structure for all analyzed countries – around half of the consumption occurs in international manufacturing sector, about quarter goes to business services sector, significant role in consumption plays global construction industry.

The research results may be used by companies to make strategic decisions on logistics and supply chains, and by governmental bodies to develop measures to regulate foreign operations of national producers. 

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MAGAZINE №6(89) December 2018

AUTHORS 

SULEIMANOVA K.P. - Graduate student, National Research University Higher School of Economics (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

PLOTNIKOV V.A. - Cand.of Polit.Sc., Leading expert of the Centre for Applied Research and Development, National Research University Higher School of Economics  (Saint-Petersburg, Russia), Gazprom corporate Institute  (Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY  Supply chain management Transportation in logistics

ABSTRACT

 The current situation in the world economy has a significant impact on the imbalance in the use of different types of natural resources. International energy supply chains are a crucial element of energy security, and their sustainability affects market conditions in most countries. The primary purpose of this article is to form the foundations of the theory and methodology of supply chain management of pipeline transport. Authors identified opportunities for the application of the method of the logistics to pipeline transport systems. By analyzing the features of pipeline transport in general, the authors propose the use of methods and models of logistics and supply chain management in the planning of the oil and gas transportation systems, taking into account the characteristics of flows while using this type of transport.

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MAGAZINE №2(85) April 2018

AUTHOR Kornienko P.A. - Graduate student, National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia)

CATEGORY Information technologies in logistics and SCM Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM

ABSTRACT

 Today Blockchain technology is one of the breakthrough innovations that changes modern business and can bring it to a new level. Supply chain management (SCM) is one of the areas where this technology can manifest itself in the best possible light. Blockchain is designed to solve one of the most pressing issues of the SCM – ensuring the necessary level of transparency of the chain for all its participants. Every day, business increasingly faces the problem of counterfeiting, complicated document management or the problem of low-quality raw materials, in particular, in food industry. All these problems are a direct consequence of the lack of transparency required by the various scammers and attackers. Blockchain is a distributed and reliable data storage technology designed to solve the problems mentioned above. In this system, all participants have the same rights and access to information, and the system itself works through smart contracts that provide trust between participants. This paper examines the works of various authors and identifies the benefits of Blockchain technology and its application in SCM. In addition, successful examples of the use of this technology in business will be considered.

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MAGAZINE №1(84) February 2018

AUTHOR Sergeeva O.E. - Cand. of Eс. Sc., Assistant professor , Department of Logistics and Supply Chain Management,
National Research University Higher School of Economics (St. Petersburg, Russia)

CATEGORY  Analysis in logistics and SCM Controlling Supply chain planning

ABSTRACT

In the environment of increasing market globalization, it is almost impossible for a company to asses strategically competitive business without targeting rationalization approach and optimization of logistics costs reflecting attractiveness of pricing policy of a company's business. In this case, the logistics cost management should be included in the set of parameters, determining the most investment appealing business. Foreign developments in the presentation of an effective business model, in general, describe the increasing role of logistics in creation of strategically viable business, without introducing the author's concepts in the vision of logistics in the business model.

As a result of building a determinant model of factor components of effective logistics cost management, we can identify and analyze key systematic characteristics, the management of which enables to influence a client's value of business, increasing competitiveness and attractiveness. The analysis of the results of logistics cost management within the framework of a business model of Russian enterprises made it possible to update the management policy towards enhancing the integration of the entire business chain; organize effective logistics management structure; improve the accuracy of planning strategy and forecast the integrated supply chain; increase investments in the automation and informatization of the business processes.

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Published in Controlling

MAGAZINE №4 (81) August 2017

AUTHORS  PONOMAREV E.V. - Postgraduate student, Leading FEA manager, Volga State University of Water Transport, Ltd Logistics Bureau (Nizhny Novgorod, Russia)

CATEGORY  Modern concepts and technologies in logistics and SCM Analytics and reviews

ABSTRACT

 The relevance of the subject is due to the problem areas presence in the organization of products international delivery to the national market. In the present article, a number of historical examples of the application of the «just-in-time» concept principles in the processes of customs clearance and management of international transportation were considered. At the end of the article, conclusions were drawn about the existing business needs in additional developments (scientific and technical) in this area:
Algorithmization of customs clearance processes in order to reduce the time of goods release for free circulation and minimize the traders’ costs.
Balancing between the policy of protectionism and free trade.
Infrastructural changes related to customs posts and custom terminals.
The need for qualified personnel in the field of international transport management and customs clearance.
New objects of transport infrastructure that meet the requirements of modern markets for goods and services.

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MAGAZINE №4 (57) August 2013

AUTHOR  Lukinskiy V.S., Lukinskiy V.V.Shulzhenko T. G.

CATEGORY Reviews and Analytics Supply Chain Management Logistics integration and coordination

ABSTRACT

The paper presents an approach to the formation of strategic decisions in the supply chain associated with the distribution of limited resources, the choice of the circuit configuration, definition functional and organizational structure of the supply chain, based on the analysis of the interrelation and mutual influence of logistics functions using the criterion of General logistical costs. 

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Published in Analytics and reviews

MAGAZINE №2 (64) April 2015

AUTHOR MOROZOVA Y.A.

CATEGORY Information Technology in Logistics and SCM Simulation Planning the supply chain 

ABSTRACT

Constant changes in demand for resources in the market complicate planning and management of material flows. In current practice, it’s possible to solve this problem by applying multi-agent systems. The article considers models, technologies, the typical architecture of multi-agent system, analyzes of completed projects and describes the prospects for the development of multi-agent systems in logistics 

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Published in Simulation modelling

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