Structural and Content Characteristics of the Sea Transport and Logistics Infrastructure of the Caspian Region

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MAGAZINE  №3 (98) June 2020

AUTHORS VOLYNSKIY I.A., KARLINA E.P.

CATEGORY  Logistic infrastructure Analytics and reviews Logistic services market Transportation in logistics

 

ABSTRACT

Increasing competition in the international market of transport services, due to the accelerated economic growth of the countries of East and South-East Asia and the formation of international transport corridors bypassing Russia make it necessary to create a competitive Maritime transport and logistics infrastructure (MTLI) in the Caspian region, whose favorable geographical location allows realizing the foreign trade and transit potential of cargo transportation through the territory of Southern Russia.
Basing on the systematization of open data, the structural and content characteristics of the components of the following Caspian sea transport and logistics infrastructure is presented: sea ports of Astrakhan, Olya, Makhachkala; water, railway and automobile routes; and sea and water transport.
The study of the marine transport and logistics infrastructure of the Caspian region highlighted the following problems: low capacity utilization of ports, lack of awareness among shippers about the possibilities of a route across the Caspian sea; lack of rolling stock for freight traffic, including grain that can potentially be transported to Iran via Caspian sea ports; high workload of rail access to ports. The conclusion is formulated about the need for accelerated development of the Maritime transport and logistics infrastructure of the Caspian region based on the expansion of the sea ports specialization; construction of new ports in the cities of Kaspiysk and Derbent; development of the multi-modal route India-Iran-Azerbaijan-Russia.

 

 Electronic version

 Keywords:  transport infrastructure logistics infrastructure maritime infrastructure maritime transport Caspian region comparative analysis international transportation corridors sea port sea transport

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ISSN 2587-6775

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